A Answers (6)
Without adequate protection, sun exposure over the years can result in skin damage such as freckles, age spots, spider veins (telangiectasia) on the face, rough and leathery skin, fine wrinkles, loose skin, and a blotchy complexion. Sun damage can also cause actinic keratoses (thick, wart-like, rough, reddish patches of skin) and even skin cancer. To properly care for sun-damaged skin, dermatologists recommend using mild cleansers, moisturizing lavishly, and always using UV protection, including lip balm with an SPF of at least 30. Wearing sunscreen daily and avoiding the harsh sun's rays can help prevent further skin damage.
Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing to safeguard your skin from the sun’s harmful rays.
Let's say your skin is a cup. Even if your cup is 80% full, representing your cumulative lifetime sun exposure, you want to make sure you don't add more to the cup. If your cup overflows, that represents a skin cancer or bad sun damage. So make sure to wear your sunscreen to prevent more sun damage and not allow anything more to be added to your cup!
Sun damaged skin has brown spots, dilated blood vessels, wrinkling, as well as other changes. There are several cosmetic treatments to improve these signs. Lasers can be used to get rid of brown spots and blood vessels. Others can be used to resurface the skin, improve tone and texture, and reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles. One example is the Fraxel laser, or other fractionated resurfacing devices. The skin become lax from collagen changes from UV light exposure. There are several devices on the market that can tighten the skin. Some use radiofrequency technology to heat up collagen, letting it cool and heal tighter than before. Thermage is one of these types of procedures. Other treatment options include topicals such as bleaching creams, retinoids, growth factors, peptides, and antioxidants. Chemical peels are also effective at improving changes in pigment and tone of the skin.
Skin damaged by sun or chemicals or scarred by acne can benefit from skin resurfacing, which results in smoother, younger-looking skin with fewer wrinkles. Watch the animation to learn more benefits of skin resurfacing.
Dermatologist Dr. Jordana Gilman says one kind of treatment for sun-damaged skin can make you look twenty years younger. Watch this video to find out what it is.
You may not be able to reverse the sun damage, but you can prevent further damage, as follows: stay out of the sun as much as possible. When you are in the sun use sunhats, long sleeve and long-leg clothing, and sunscreen >15 SPF. Stop smoking. There is some evidence that vitamin A may help to repair some sun damage to the skin.
Sun causes wrinkles, brown spots, red capillaries, and thin, dry skin. Your skin rehab includes exfoliating -- that's removing the dead skin -- with glycolic acid or even a loofah pad. And at night put vitamin A on your skin. That's the wonder drug for the skin -- and it's really the only thing other than surgery that can reverse the effects of the sun. It really doesn't matter what kind of vitamin A you put on -- the prescription stuff or the over-the-counter creams all work.
Other things that are good for your skin include vitamin C (also at night) and vitamin B3. But you can't just crush a vitamin and smear it on your skin. These skin care ingredients have to be formulated in just the right way -- the right concentration and the right form of the vitamin -- to do their magic.
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.