Eating disorders come in more forms than just anorexia or bulimia. In this video, Dr. Oz talks to guests about their addictions to eating things like chalk and cigarette ash.
A Answers (4)
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered
American Dental Association answeredTypes of eating disorders include:
- Anorexia -- typically involves an extreme fear of gaining weight or a dread of becoming fat. Even though these individuals may be very thin or even extremely underweight, they see themselves as "fat." They may attempt to reach or maintain what they think is their perfect body weight by literally starving themselves. They may also exercise excessively. Others may eat excessive amounts of food in one sitting and then attempt to get rid of the food and calories from their bodies by forcing themselves to "throw up" or by the misuse of laxatives or enemas.
- Bulimia -- also includes the fears of being overweight. But it also includes hidden periods of overeating (binge eating) which may occur several times a week or even several times a day. While overeating, individuals may feel completely out of control. They may gulp down thousands of calories often high in carbohydrates and fat -- in amounts of food that would be greater than what an average person would eat at one sitting. After they overeat, the individuals try to "undo" the fact that they ate too much as quickly as possible by forcing themselves to "throw up" or by the misuse of laxatives or enemas. This is often referred to as "bingeing and purging."
- Binge eating or compulsive overeating -- may affect almost as many men as women. In the past, these individuals were sometimes described as "food addicts." They overeat (binge eat) as noted in bulimia above, but do not regularly try to get rid of the food immediately by throwing up or by misusing laxatives or enemas. Feelings of guilt may make it easier for the person to overeat again.
The most common types of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, characterized by extreme thinness and intense fear of gaining weight. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent and frequent episodes of eating very large amounts of food, usually followed by forced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics, excessive exercise or a combination of these. With Binge eating disorder, the person eats huge quantities of food but does not purge. They are usually overweight or obese.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics answeredThere are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia, bulimia and compulsive overeating:
- Anorexia involves a severe restriction of calories; there may be a fear of weight gain and strict "rules" about eating.
- Bulimia may involve these same fears and restrictions, but also involves binging and purging. This involves vomiting, exercise or use of laxatives.
- People with binge eating disorder eat large amounts of food often without attention to hunger or fullness.