Worldwide, about 1 in 1 million people develop adrenal cancer annually. The incidence of adrenal cancer is slightly more frequent in men in their 40s and 50s and in children younger than 5 years old. In some cases, heredity can be a factor.
1 AnswerPatrick Maguire, MD, Oncology, answeredIn order to understand cancer, one needs to understand the cancer cell. The key characteristics of a cancer cell that make it different from most normal cells in the body are its abilities to grow unregulated by the body's defense, the immune system, and usually (though not always) to metastasize or spread to distant sites in the body through lymphatic channels and blood vessels. Cancer cells arise generally from damaged deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the building material that makes cells. Some people are born with this damaged DNA, thanks to their parents. Inherited cancers constitute about 10% of all cases in the United States. For most other patients who develop cancer, however, most of the damage occurs as a result of exposures or events that occur after they're born.
1 AnswerLIVESTRONG answered
An emotional support system can offer the support you need to deal with emotional challenges during your experience with cancer. They listen and offer encouragement and comfort during difficult times.
Being a cancer survivor can create added stress in your life. You may prefer to deal with these stressors on your own. However, many survivors find that it is helpful to talk with others about concerns and get emotional support from those who understand. Cancer can also affect the people in your emotional support system. Sharing experiences may help them as well.
There may be special benefit from emotional support if you:
- Often feel lonely
- Need support when dealing with the healthcare team
- Rarely laugh anymore
- Have trouble sleeping well
- Shy away from intimacy
- Spend little time interacting with your loved ones and friends
- Feel disconnected from your faith-based beliefs and support
2 AnswersLIVESTRONG answeredHere are some examples of things you can do to provide support to a friend or loved one who has cancer:
- Go to the home for a visit
- Shop for groceries or other items
- Clean the house
- Prepare meals
- Send inspirational stories or messages
- Accompany the person to healthcare appointments
- Provide transportation to appointments or events
Easy ways to provide emotional support include:
- Send cards and notes with positive messages
- Do chores around the home
- Have a long talk and listen
- Add the person to your prayer list.
While childhood cancers are rare in children under five, there are a few that can strike. You should let your parental instincts rule. If something doesn't seem right, then get it checked out. Some of them include:
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (a blood cancer): Occurs mainly in one- to four-year-olds. Signs will be excess fatigue, irritability, pale complexion, and the tendency to bruise more easily than normal toddlers.
- Retinoblastoma (an eye cancer): Kids with retinoblastoma have no red reflex in the affected eye (the red you see in flash photos). The child with retinoblastoma may have one red pupil, but the affected side will look white. That's called leukocoria.
- Neuroblastoma (a nerve tissue cancer): Here a child may develop a new, wobbly gait (after walking well previously), or eyes that seem occasionally to really scramble.
Find out more about this book:YOU: Raising Your Child: The Owner's Manual from First Breath to First Grade
2 AnswersJohn A. Chabot, Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, answered on behalf of Columbia University Department of SurgeryDepression can take the form of intangible feelings like low self esteem, hopelessness, and persistent thoughts about death or suicide, or depression may manifest with physical symptoms like poor appetite, low energy, and disrupted sleep. Patients and their support networks should be attentive to these symptoms so that a patient can get the necessary treatment.
To learn more about cancer clusters in your community and to protect you and your loved ones, follow Dr. Mehmet Oz’s, Vice-Chair and Professor of Surgery at Columbia University, advice:• Get periodic age-appropriate medical exams and cancer screenings
• Learn ways to prevent cancer
• Learn if you are at risk for cancer• Ask your doctor if he/she is seeing more cancer cases of this type,
especially if it is a rare type or diagnosed in young children • Look up cancer statistics on your state's cancer registry to see if
there is an upward trend in your community • Find out if a cancer cluster has been reported in your area or is
currently under investigation • Report a suspect cancer cluster to your local or state health
• Find out about toxic substances detected in your area
• Speak up and mobilize your community
• Download the EPA's guidelines for safe well water
Key resources about cancer clusters can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Environmental Health and the National Program of Cancer Registries.
1 AnswerThere was a time when people who were diagnosed with cancer didn't discuss it much with their neighbors, coworkers or authorities. Today, people are more inclined to speak up, ask questions and do research on their own and that can only help to get an investigation underway.
1 AnswerThis is not a perfect system and there are many experts who deny the validity of cancer cluster investigation. The science is imperfect: Cancer can take years to develop and can be masked by unhealthy behaviors; people can get lost to follow-up, die of other causes, or move away. And some people may be exposed to cancer causing substances but have a genetic make-up that reduces their susceptibility to the harms of the carcinogen. All of these things can affect the results, leaving community members to wonder if they will ever get a real answer. Many times, they do not.
Many noteworthy investigations of cancer clusters have saved the lives of future generations. The source was identified, the contributors were made accountable, and the toxins were removed from the environment.
Sadly though, 75% of investigations come up empty-handed or are dismissed. Still, finding the source of a cancer cluster is important because it can not only save lives but also add to a growing list of environmental toxins that humans should avoid.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.