Tracheitis is a bacterial infection, so medications are used to treat the infection. Vancomycin and cefuroxime are two antibiotics that are used in tracheitis treatment.
However, a child who is affected by the breathing problems that are characteristic of tracheitis requires more than just medications. If the infection has caused the trachea to swell, the child may also need endotracheal intubation (the insertion of a plastic tube into the trachea). This will keep the airway open and help him breathe.