Brain and Nervous System
- Q Who is at risk for motor neuron disease (MND)?
Motor neuron diseases (MNDs) occur in adults and children. The diseases are more common in men than in women. In adults, symptoms may appear after the age of 40. In children, particularly in inherited or familial forms of the disease, symptoms can be... Full Answer
- Q What is the prognosis for motor neuron disease (MND)?
Prognosis varies depending on the type of motor neuron disease (MND) and the age of onset. Some MNDs, such as Post-polio syndrome (PLS), are not fatal and progress slowly. People with Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) may appear to be stable for long... Full Answer
- Q What causes motor neuron diseases (MNDs)?
The causes of sporadic, or noninherited, motor neuron diseases (MNDs) are not known, but environmental, toxic, viral, or genetic factors may be implicated. Sporadic cases may be triggered by cancers or prolonged exposure to toxic drugs or environmental... Full Answer
- Q How are motor neuron diseases (MNDs) classified?
The major site of motor neuron degeneration classifies these disorders. Common motor neuron diseases (MNDs) include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which affects both upper and lower motor neurons. Progressive bulbar palsy affects the lower motor neurons... Full Answer
- Q How are motor neuron diseases (MNDs) treated?
There is no cure or standard treatment for motor neuron diseases (MNDs). Symptomatic and supportive treatment can help people be more comfortable while maintaining their quality of life. The drug riluzole (Rilutek®), the only prescribed drug approved... Full Answer
- Q What is tarsal tunnel syndrome?
Celeste Cooper, RheumatologyTarsal tunnel syndrome results from compression of the posterior tibial or plantar nerves in the tarsal (foot bone) tunnel, which provides passage for the nerves, tendons, and vessels that supply the foot. Symptoms are pain, numbness, and... Full Answer