Compartment syndrome refers to abnormally increased pressure in a muscle compartment resulting in a painful ischemic condition. Groups of muscles throughout the body are contained within compartments, which are limited in total space. When pressure within a compartment becomes too great (from exertion or direct trauma), blood vessels can become dangerously compressed, which can deprive tissues of oxygen and essential nutrients. If you have shin splints, you should perform a combination of flexibility and strengthening techniques to help your body heal and prevent further injury. You can statically stretch your calf complex. Hold each stretch for 30 seconds so that your muscles have time to elongate. Next, perform strengthening exercises for the foot and ankle. This can be done by performing resisted dorsiflexion to help strengthen the muscles that help support your foot and ankle. Also, you can perform lateral tube walking to strengthen the muscles in your hips that help control your foot and ankle. Lastly, perform a single-leg balance exercise to strengthen the muscles of the entire leg. When performing any single-leg exercise, ensure that you keep the arch of your foot lifted while performing the exercise. Perform 1-3 sets of 10-15 repetitions of each of these exercises.