Question

Body Mass Index (BMI)

# What are the BMI risk categories?

• ALawrence Cheskin, MD, Internal Medicine, answered on behalf of Johns Hopkins Medicine

A BMI of less than 18.5 is underweight, 18.5-24.9 is normal weight, 25-29.9 is overweight, 30-39.9 is obese, and 40+ is severely obese (usually 100+ lbs over ideal weight).

Among healthy US adults, fewer than 2% are underweight, about 30% are normal weight, a third are overweight, and another third obese.  Thus, you are in the minority currently if your weight is in the normal range!

• ANatalie Sanchez, MD, Internal Medicine, answered on behalf of Baptist Health South Florida
The general body mass index (BMI) risk categories are as follows:
• If your BMI is less than 18.5, it falls within the underweight range.
• If your BMI is 18.5 to 24.9, it falls within the normal or healthy weight range.
• If your BMI is 25.0 to 29.9, it falls within the overweight range.
• If your BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gives this example: A person with a height of 5 feet, 9 inches, would fall into the normal weight range if he or she weighs between 125 and 168 pounds. But if this same individual weighs between 169 and 202 pounds, he or she is classified as overweight. If the person weighs over 203 pounds, he or she is categorized as obese.

For adults over 20 years of age, the BMI is interpreted using these standard weight categories that are the same for all adults, both men and women. For children and teens, however, BMI is both age- and gender-specific.

To find out your BMI, divide your weight in pounds by your height in inches multiplied by your height in inches. Take that number and multiply it by 703.

A BMI of less than 18.5 is considered “underweight.” A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered “normal weight.” A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered “overweight.” A BMI of 30 or greater is considered “obese.”

Morbid obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of more than 40. For men that equates to approximately 100 pounds overweight for women, 80 pounds overweight.

• AEric Beard , NASM Elite Trainer, Sports Medicine, answered on behalf of National Academy of Sports Medicine
The Body Mass Index (BMI) risk categories are;

18.5 or less = Underweight
18.5 to 24.9 = Normal Weight
25.0 to 29.9 = Overweight
30.0 to 39.9 = Obese
40 and above = Morbidly Obese

Those individuals who score in the obese and morbidly obese categories are at risk for serious health conditions and disease such as; heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes and certain types of cancer.
• Today, healthcare providers use a measure called BMI, short for body mass index. This gives a good measure of your total body fat. BMI compares your height and weight. It shows if you are underweight, at a healthy weight, or overweight.
• Below 18.5 -- Underweight
• Between 18.5 - 24.9 -- Healthy weight
• Between 25 - 29.9 -- Overweight
• Over 30 -- Obese

Body mass index (BMI) risk categories are:

Underweight: below 18
Healthy weight: 18 to 24.9
Overweight:  25 to 29.9
Obese: 30 to 39.9
Morbidly obese: 40 and higher

Body mass index (BMI) is a scientifically accepted measurement of body weight as it relates to health. While BMI is not a direct measure of excess body fat, it is the recommended method to diagnose overweight and obesity.

• The World Health Organization and the National Institutes of Health define normal weight as a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9, overweight as BMI of 25-29.9 and obesity as a BMI greater than 30. Obesity is further categorized as class I (30-34.9); Class II (35-39.9) and Class III (>40).
• The adult BMI risk categories are:

BMI <18.5 = underweight
BMI 18.5 to 24.9 = healthy
BMI 25.0 to 29.9 = overweight
BMI >30.0 = obese
BMI >40.0 = morbidly obese.
• The (adult) categories* for risk based on your BMI are: below 16.5 = severely underweight; 16.5 to 18.4 = underweight; 18.5 to 24.9 = healthy; 25 to 30 = overweight; 30.1 to 40 = obese; above 40 = morbidly obese. *BMI risk categories for children are different and are gender dependent until the age of 18.
• AMarjorie Nolan Cohn, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a person’s height. The terms overweight and obese also identify ranges of weight that have been shown to increase the likelihood of certain diseases and other health problems.

Obesity is a state of excess adipose tissue mass, or body fat. This condition usually translates into excessive body weight. On the one hand obesity can develop even in the absence of excessive body weight, whereas on the other hand a person (e.g., a body builder) can develop remarkable overweight without excessive body fatness. Meaning, ‘slim’ people can have a high fat mass and ‘overweight’ people (for their height) can have low fat mass.

• An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight.
• An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
• Ideal Weight Calculator (Body Mass Index) is a reliable indicator of your body’s fitness level, and most importantly, your health risk. It works by calculating your weight and height correlates to your body fat level. To use a calculator to determine your BMI, go to:

http://www.weight-loss-plans-4-you.com/ideal-weight-calculator.html

The adult BMI risk categories are:

• Adults with a BMI below 18.5 are conidered underweight.
• Adults with a BMI 18.5 to 24.9 are conidered normal weight.
• Adults with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 are considered overweight, but health practitioners consider this to be low risk since some amount of fat reserve is needed for energy. This extra energy can be helpful during severe, chronic illness or stress.
• Adults with a BMI between 30 to 34.9 are considered obese and have a greater risk of chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and heart attacks. You also have an increased chance of dying by 40% according to the New England Journal of Medicine.
• Adults with a BMI above 35 are considered to be morbidly obese and have an increased chance of death by 250%! If your BMI is high, don’t let the numbers overwhelm you. The important consideration is that you’re going to take control of your health today!
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.