Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo affects how your balance and perception of motion. The inner ear, which is equipped with tiny nerve receptors, helps you maintain balance and perceive the speed in which your head and surroundings move. When the nerve receptors are disturbed they send mixed signals to the brain, causing the brain to feel that the head is moving at a suddenly faster rate. The vertigo that follows can affect your balance and lead to nausea or vomiting. BPPV can also affect eye movements, causing one or both eyes to move rapidly back and forth. BPPV effects occur anywhere from five to 30 seconds after the head is moved and usually last up to a minute.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
The most common symptom of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a spinning sensation. Vertigo, the feeling of spinning, occurs shortly after the head is moved. You may feel that you, your surroundings, or both are spinning. Although vertigo symptoms are brief, they can reoccur over several weeks before subsiding. Other symptoms include:
- nausea, vomiting
- dizziness, lightheadedness
- rapid eye movements (nystagmus) or blurred vision
- loss of balance
Benign positional vertigo is a very common inner ear disturbance that causes spinning vertigo when lying on one side, bending, or looking up. The particle-repositioning maneuver (or “Epley maneuver”), a simple office procedure, can effectively eliminate this symptom in almost every instance.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is caused by calcium particles moving into the inner ear. The inner ear contains three semicircular canals. Within these canals are nerves and structures that control how the brain perceives motion and balance. Calcium participles (or crystals) within the inner ear can become dislodged from other parts of the ear due to blows to the head, ear surgery, sudden head movement, or a shift in head position after a period of sleep. When this happens, the calcium particles can shift into one of the three canals and brush against the tiny hair-like sensors responsible for monitoring head movements. The result is vertigo.
2 AnswersHearing loss is not a common symptom of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. If you experience hearing loss in addition to dizziness and vertigo, talk to your doctor. Hearing loss can be a sign of other inner ear disorders such as Meniere's disease.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.