What is spasticity?Spasticity results from damage to the motor pathways of the brain or spinal cord and is characterized by spasms or tightening of the muscles causing stiffness and tightness of the muscles. Spasticity can affect movement, walking and speech and can vary from mild stiffness to severe, painful muscle... Full Post
Who gets breast cancer?Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death after lung cancer. The National Cancer Institute estimates that in 2009 an estimated 192,370 new breast cancer cases were detected in women and 1,910 in men. Approximately... Full Post
How is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) diagnosed?GERD is initially diagnosed by symptoms and a patient's response to a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors which reduce the stomach's production of acid.
Doctors diagnose complicated GERD with endoscopy. Our gastrointestinal specialists may also conduct a test, called esophagogastroduodenoscopy... Full Post
What triggers an asthma attack?
Asthma symptoms can be triggered by a variety of things and differ among each person. According to the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology, common asthma triggers include:
- Acid reflux
- Air pollution
- Allergies to such things as dust mites, pet dander, mold, pollen, cockroaches, and
What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?
Some women with fibroids have mild or no symptoms, while for others symptoms are severe and disruptive. Common symptoms include:
- heavy or prolonged menstrual periods
- abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods
- pelvic pain (caused as the tumor presses on pelvic organs)
- frequent urination
- low back
What are uterine fibroids?Uterine fibroids are the most common tumors of the female reproductive system. Fibroids – also called uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas – are benign growths that develop from smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue either just beneath the outer surface of the uterus, or within... Full Post
What causes anorexia?
The cause of anorexia nervosa is not known. Anorexia usually begins as innocent dieting behavior, but gradually progresses to extreme and unhealthy weight loss. Social attitudes toward body appearance, family influences, genetics, and neurochemical and developmental factors are considered possible... Full Post
How are allergies treated?
Allergies are treated in three ways: avoidance of allergy triggers, immunotherapy, and medications. Avoidance of outdoor allergy triggers includes using an air conditioner and staying indoors during times when pollen and mold levels peak. People with dust allergies might consider removing wall-to-wall... Full Post
How is multiple sclerosis (MS) treated?
Because MS is such as variable disease, treatment for each patient is highly individualized. For most patients, treatment is likely to include some combination of medications. These include:
- Drugs that modify the course of the disease. Medications currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration are beta inte
How do I know if I have allergies or a cold?
Both a cold and allergies can cause a runny nose, nasal congestion, coughing, sneezing, and sore throat. While a cold typically lasts a week or two, allergies tend to last longer such as 6 weeks for ragweed or grass pollen seasons. Allergies never cause aches or pains or fever.Full Post
How are allergies diagnosed?
Your allergist will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about your signs and symptoms. For food allergies, you may be asked to keep a food diary and start an elimination diet. In this diet, you are asked to stop eating foods for about two weeks and then reintroduce those foods one at... Full Post
What is Marfan syndrome?Marfan's syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissues that can affect the skeleton, eyes, heart, or blood vessels. People with Marfan's syndrome are at risk of developing a bulge in a weakened spot in the aorta, the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of... Full Post
What causes dry eyes?Dry eye syndrome most often occurs when the tear film (the mixture of salt water, oils from melbomian glands in the lids, and dissolved mucins from conjunctival tissue glands that coat the eye surface) is disrupted or compromised. The problem usually involves many factors, including excessive... Full Post
What is dry eye?Dry eye, or keratitis sicca, most often occurs when the tear film (the mixture of salt water, oils from melbomian glands in the lids, and dissolved mucins from conjunctival tissue glands that coat the eye surface) is disrupted or compromised. The problem rarely stems solely from insufficient... Full Post