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How should I prepare for a long trip if I have diabetes?
Before a long trip, have a medical exam to make sure your diabetes is in good control. Schedule the exam with enough time to work on your control before you depart. Get immunization shots -- if you need them -- at least one month before you leave. If the shots make you sick, you'll have time to recover...
In an Edmonton Protocol procedure for type 1 diabetes, researchers use specialized enzymes to remove islets from the pancreas of a deceased donor. For an average-size person (70 kg), a typical transplant requires about 1 million islets, equal to two donor organs. Because the islets are extremely...
In peritoneal dialysis, the lining inside your abdomen (the peritoneum) becomes the filter. A soft plastic tube is put into the abdomen by a surgeon. When the body heals, cleansing fluid (dialysate) is put into the abdomen through this tube. Waste products in the bloodstream pass through the peritoneum...
Hemodialysis is not perfect for everyone. During treatments, people can have high or low blood pressure, an upset stomach or muscle cramps. A special diet is needed to stay healthy. Other problems can develop over time, such as nerve problems, anemia, bone disease, poor nutrition, problems with i...
What are the different types of peritoneal dialysis?
The two main types of peritoneal dialysis are continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). People perform CAPD themselves by attaching a plastic bag filled with cleansing fluid to the tube in the abdomen and raising it to shoulder level. This...
How do I perform continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis?
People perform continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) themselves by attaching a plastic bag filled with cleansing fluid to the tube in the abdomen and raising it to shoulder level. This causes the fluid to run into the abdomen. The bag is then unhooked or rolled up around the waist. In...
Should I get a kidney transplant if I have end-stage renal disease (ESRD)?
People who have kidney failure will die without treatment. For those who choose dialysis, only about 33% are still alive 5 years later. So although kidney transplantation is a serious operation, it offers people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) their best chance for survival.
How is a donor kidney matched with a possible recipient?
The body has a complex system for telling its own parts from foreign parts. To fool the body into accepting the donor kidney, doctors try to match the donor and recipient for a blood protein called human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type. A good match is most important when using a kidney from a living...
How is a recipient for a deceased donor kidney chosen?
Federal law says that kidneys should be given out in a fair and efficient way. In the current system, a national list contains the names and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types of people who need cadaver kidneys. When a kidney donor's kidneys become available, doctors check the list to see whose...
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