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Microvascular disease is a disease of the smallest blood vessels, such as those found in the eyes, nerves, and kidneys. The walls of the vessels become abnormally thick but weak. Then they bleed, leak protein, and slow the flow of blood to the cells.
A capillary is the smallest of the body's blood vessels. Oxygen and glucose pass through capillary walls and enter the cells. Waste products such as carbon dioxide pass back from the cells into the blood through capillaries.
What are benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) if I have diabetes?
Women with diabetes develop a greatly increased risk of developing heart disease after menopause. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can help reduce this risk. HRT replaces the estrogen and progestin once produced by your body. HRT is sometimes used to treat women who experience serious or very un...
What types of health insurance can the Health Coverage Tax Credit purchase?
The Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC) can only be claimed for "qualified" health insurance expenses. Qualified coverage includes Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) or your spouse's employer-sponsored health plan if the employer pays less than half of the premium.
What are eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS)?
Eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS) is a range of other disordered eating patterns that doesn't fit the other specific types. These conditions are still serious, and intervention and attention are necessary. EDNOS, or other types of eating disorders, may include:
What are the risks of having an eating disorder if I'm pregnant?
Women with eating disorders have higher rates of miscarriage than do healthy, normal women. Also, your baby might be born prematurely, meaning that it would not weigh as much or be as well-developed as babies who are born full term. Women with anorexia nervosa are underweight and may not gain enough...
How does polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affect women?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of female infertility. A woman's ovaries have follicles, which are tiny, fluid-filled sacs that hold the eggs. When an egg is mature, the follicle releases the egg so it can travel to the uterus for fertilization. In women with PCOS, immature...
No one knows the exact cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), but studies are looking at whether it is caused by genetics. Also, because many women with PCOS also have diabetes, studies are examining the relationship between PCOS and the body's ability to produce insulin. There is a lot of...
Diagnosing polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) involves several steps. Your doctor will take a detailed medical history about your menstrual cycle and reproductive history, including information about birth control you use and any pregnancies you have had. You also will receive a pelvic and physical...
How does polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affect fertility?
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) can negatively affect fertility since it can prevent ovulation. Some women with PCOS have menstrual periods, but do not ovulate. A woman with PCOS may take fertility drugs, such as Clomid, or inject fertility medications to induce ovulation. Women can also take...
Can polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) increase my risk of miscarriage?
There appears to be a higher rate of miscarriage in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). The reason for this is being studied. Increased levels of leuteinizing hormone, which aids in secretion of progesterone, may play a role. Increased levels of insulin and glucose may cause problems with...
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