- Heart defects are the most common type of defect babies are born with, affecting approximately 1 out of every 150 babies born today.
- Every year, 35,000 babies are born with congenital heart disease in the United States, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
- More than 1 million U.S. adults are living with congenital heart disease.
- According to the American Heart Association’s Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics -- 2012 Update, heart defects continue to be the greatest source of infant deaths related to birth defects.
- The good news is that overall outcomes are improving for patients with congenital heart disease. A study published in 2010 found that deaths from congenital heart disease decreased in the United States by 24.1 percent from 1999 to 2006.
- This same 2010 study found, however, that racial disparities continue to impact survival rates. Infant mortality from congenital heart disease is higher among African Americans than Caucasians.
- According to the Adult Congenital Heart Association, 90 percent of children who were born with a heart defect will now survive into adulthood.
William Jaffe, DO
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursWilliam M Jaffe DO
1890 E Florence
Casa Grande, AZ 85122
- BlueCross BlueShield of Arizona
- Health Net
- United Healthcare
- Arizona Heart Hospital
- Banner Good Samaritan Rehabilitation
- St Joseph's Hospital & Medical Center
How common is congenital heart disease?
SecondsCount.org answeredCongenital heart disease -- heart disease that is present at birth -- is the most common type of birth defect.
What are the types of heart failure?
Heart Failure is described in many ways to help individuals understand the complexity of this chronic illness. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) has classified heart failure into 4 Classes: Class I; Class II; Class III; and Class IV Heart Failure. As the individual moves from one Class to another, so do the severity and intensity of the reported symptoms experienced by the individual. As a compliment to the Classes of heart failure, the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) have identified Stages of Heart Failure: A; B; C; & D. Again, as the individual transitions from one Stage to the next, the clinical severity of the individual's heart failure worsens.
The Ejection Fraction (EF) is an objective measurement that has been used to assist health care providers in the treatment of heart failure; as it is an indicator of how well the heart is able to receive and then pump the blood throughout the body, as the needs of the body require it. Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction (LVSD) has been a term used to describe an EF that is reduced; the "squeeze" of the heart has been weakened. A newer term for LVSD has recently been identified as: "HFREF;" meaning, Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction. Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction (LVDD) has been a term used to describe to what capacity the heart is able to "relax" in order to receive blood. Individuals with LVDD may have an EF that is within normal limits or preserved. The newer term for LVDD that has recently been identified is: "HFPEF;" meaning, Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction. Some individuals have a combination of both conditions with their heart failure.
There are many ways to describe and define heart failure, as you can see. So, the best way to stay on top of what is happening with your heart failure is to ask questions, learn about your health condition, and have your health care team inform you as to your type of heart failure.
What does stress do to our bodies?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredStress puts your body in high gear so you can swerve to avoid that close call on the highway or plow through a pile of paperwork to meet an impending deadline. In response to a stressor, the body releases hormones such as adrenaline, which increase your heart rate and blood pressure and leave you breathing more rapidly. You may also find yourself sweating. When stress becomes chronic, you may experience symptoms such as headaches and stomachaches, and you may pay a price in the form of a weakened immune system, not to mention sour moods.
The link between stress and heart disease is not clear, but one thing’s for sure -- over-the-top stress can, over time, make heart disease risk factors such as hypertension and high cholesterol levels worse.
If you’re having a hard time handling stress, stress management classes may be the solution. They can provide you with techniques for coping with the stress in your life that you can't avoid.
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