Heart birth defects are problems with the heart that are present at birth. Also known as congenital heart defects, they range from minor to life-threatening. Serious defects may include a complex defect that requires years of surgeries. In mild cases, however, a baby may be born with a tiny hole in the heart that closes up naturally.
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What are heart birth defects?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
What is Eisenmenger’s complex?
Eisenmenger’s complex is a congenital (at birth) heart defect in which a hole between the lower chambers (a ventricular septal defect) is coupled with 1) pulmonary high blood pressure; 2) the passage of blood from the right side of the heart to the left (right to left shunt); 3) an enlarged right ventricle; and 4) a latent or clearly visible bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis). It may also include an aorta that receives ejected blood from both the right and left lower chambers (ventricles), a condition known as an overriding aorta. People with Eisenmenger's complex, before and after treatment, are at risk for getting an infection within the aorta or the heart valves. Such an infection is called endocarditis. All people with uncorrected or partially corrected Eisenmenger’s complex will need to take antibiotics before certain dental procedures. If you (or your child) have had corrective surgery, ask the cardiologist if routine antibiotics are still necessary.
More about AHA’s new guidelines for antibiotics in congenital heart disease:
Dental Care and Heart Disease –
Can congenital heart defects (CHD) be cured?
Coleen Boyle, PhD, MS, Public Health, answered on behalf of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Even with improved treatments, many people with a congenital heart defect (CHD) are not cured, even if their heart defect has been repaired. People with a CHD can develop other health problems over time, depending on their specific heart defect, the number of heart defects they have and the severity of their heart defect. Some of these health problems that might develop include irregular heart beat (arrhythmias), increased risk of infection in the heart muscle (infective endocarditis) or weakness in the heart. People with a CHD need routine checkups with a cardiologist (heart doctor) to stay as healthy as possible.
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