Autoimmune hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that is associated with circulating autoantibodies which are present for at least six months. It occurs in people who have no known exposure to a virus or metabolic abnormality and is believed to be related to an abnormal immunologic mechanism. Many of the presenting symptoms are similar to those found in chronic hepatitis, including arthritis-type pain, exhaustion and jaundice. Unlike viral hepatitis, it occurs more frequently in women. As the disease advances, the patient develops symptoms of end stage liver disease – esophageal varices (abnormally enlarged veins in the lower part of the esophagus), ascites (excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the abdomen and abdominal organs) and hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen).
Wendy G Clough, MD
Specialty: Infectious Disease
- infectious disease
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursEllsworth Pryor III MD
Newhall, CA 91321
- Anthem Blue Cross of California
- Blue Shield of California
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Great-West Healthcare CIGNA
- Health Net
- Inter Valley Health Plan
- PacifiCare/Secure Horizons
- United Healthcare, California
- Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital
- Providence Holy Cross Medical Center
- What is autoimmune hepatitis?
What increases my risk for hepatitis?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Your risk of hepatitis increases if you are a healthcare worker in the field of dentistry, medicine, and rehabilitative care, including nursing homes. Intravenous drug users and people who have unprotected sex and/or multiple sexual partners also run a higher risk of becoming infected with a hepatitis virus. Other factors that can increase your risk of hepatitis include the following:
- contact with infected saliva from shared eating utensils or drinking ware
- contact with infected blood (needles, shared razors, toothbrushes, etc.)
- travel to areas in the world where hepatitis is common
- give or receive tattoos
- receive an organ transplant
- drink contaminated water or eat contaminated foods
- share items or eat food handled by someone who hasn't washed their hands after using the bathroom
- using or abusing alcohol
- family member with recent hepatitis A
- blood transfusion before 1990
Mothers infected with hepatitis B or C can pass the infection onto their newborn during birth. People with HIV or AIDS and other autoimmune disease also have a higher risk of becoming infected with a hepatitis virus.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
What does chronic hepatitis do to the liver?
Chronic hepatitis and eventually cirrhosis may occur when liver cells are damaged by the hepatitis B (HBV) or C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is one of many viruses that cause inflammation of the liver. Healthy liver cells are replaced with scar tissue, reducing the ability of the liver to perform its many life-supporting functions. Patients with chronic viral hepatitis experience fatigue, jaundice, loss of appetite and hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of the liver and spleen).
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