All types of hepatitis damage liver cells. Hepatitis can cause the liver to become swollen and tender. Some types of hepatitis can cause permanent liver damage.
The following viruses can cause hepatitis:
- Hepatitis A virus (HAV)Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
- Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
- Hepatitis D virus (HDV)
- Hepatitis E virus (HEV)
- Epstein-Barr virus (which causes mononucleosis but rarely causes hepatitis)
- Cytomegalovirus (which causes CMV, which is like mononucleosis but rarely causes hepatitis)
Most people with viral hepatitis recover on their own. And doctors often will recommend bed rest, plenty of fluids, and medicine to relieve fever and headache. Antiviral medicine can treat some cases of hepatitis. Some forms of hepatitis can become chronic and increase a person's chance of liver failure or liver cancer.
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