There are several things that increase your risk for cardiovascular infection. Those who have the highest level of risk have damaged or artificial heart valves, congenital birth defects that create leaky heart valves, previous cases of cardiovascular infection, or are intravenous drug users. Damage to the heart caused by rheumatic fever can elevate risk levels, too.
Vassily T. Eliopoulos, MD
Specialty: Emergency Medicine
Location and Office HoursApex Emergency Group PC
550 S Wadsworth Blvd Ste 410
Lakewood, CO 80226
- Rocky Mountain Health Plans
- United Healthcare
What increases my risk for cardiovascular infection?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
What is cardiac tamponade?
Cardiac tamponade is a condition caused by too much fluid in the space between the heart and the sac that surrounds it, called the pericardium. This fluid collection can put weight and pressure on the heart, which means that it cannot expand properly and so it does not fill with normal amounts of blood.
Cardiac tamponade is an emergency condition. The inability of the heart to pump enough blood may eventually lead to heart failure.
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How can infants with heart disease receive enough nourishment?
When a baby is born with a heart defect, it is called congenital heart disease. One of the primary goals in treating a newborn with congenital heart disease is making sure that the baby receives enough calories to
- support growth, and
- make up for the fact that the infant’s body and heart have to work harder to support vital life functions.
To gain weight, babies with congenital heart disease need to take in more calories than their bodies are burning, but it is not always as easy as just having them eat more. Often, their stomachs cannot hold larger amounts of formula or breast milk, or they just tire out before they can drink it all. If you are the parent of an infant with congenital heart disease, your pediatrician or cardiologist may recommend increasing the calories of your baby’s formula or breast milk.
Basic formula and human breast milk both have 20 calories per ounce. There are some increased calorie formulas available, or your doctor may give you instructions on how to mix your baby’s formula at home to provide more calories per ounce. A baby with congenital heart disease may require milk that is 24 to 30 calories per ounce. Breast milk can be fortified to increase the calories. To increase the calories of the breast milk, you would need to pump and then mix in the fortifier (your doctor will provide instructions).
Sometimes, even with increased calories, babies with congenital heart disease are not able to take in enough by mouth to gain weight. In this case, your baby may need to have a nasogastric (NG) tube placed. This is a small flexible tube that is placed in your baby’s nose and passed down into the stomach. This allows for formula or breast milk to be given without your baby having to burn so many calories to take it by mouth.
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