In 2005, complications caused by arteriolosclerosis was one of the leading causes of illness and death in the United States. Because this circulatory disease robs both the heart and brain of important nutrients and oxygen, about 870,000 people died from damage to the heart and brain. In 2008, it was estimated that 1.2 Americans would have a heart attack for the first time, or again. That means in 2008, arteriolosclerosis would cause more deaths than the other leading causes, which include cancer and injury. New advances and improvements made to treatment options have lowered the number of people affected by complications from hardening of the arteries, but this medical condition is still at the top of the list of health issues
Usha Panneerselvam, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursWoodridge Medical Associates
351 Budlong Rd
Cranston, RI 02920
- BlueCross BlueShield
- BlueCross BlueShield of Rhode Island
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- Neighborhood Health Plan
- Tufts Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Roger Williams Medical Center
- The Miriam Hospital
How common is arteriolosclerosis?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
What are symptoms of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders?
Bill Salt, MD, Gastroenterology, answeredFunctional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include:
- Lump in the throat
- Chest pain
- Swallowing trouble
- Upper abdominal pain
- Chronic abdominal pain
- Attacks of abdominal pain
- Abdominal bloating/distention
- Chronic/recurrent diarrhea
- Chronic constipation
- Anal or rectal pain
Find out more about this book:Irritable Bowel Syndrome & the MindBodySpirit Connection: 7 Steps for Living a Healthy Life with a Functional Bowel Disorder, Crohn's Disease, or Colitis (Mind-Body-Spirit Connection Series.)
What is trigonitis?
Despite its name indicative of inflammation, trigonitis is a metaplastic process. The exact primary cause is not known, however, squamous metaplasia in the bladder usually occurs in response to an irritative (prolonged indwelling catheter placement) or infectious process. The occurrence of trigonitis varies according to many reports. Non-keratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder neck and trigone can be seen in 50-70% of premenopausal women and is considered a normal variant. Trigonitis, or non-keratinizing squamous metaplasia, is considered nonthreatening and without malignant prospective.
Nevertheless, it must be distinguished from keratinizing squamous metaplasia, also known as leukoplakia. Leukoplakia is thought to be a reaction of the normal urothelium to harmful stimuli and is commonly considered a premalignant lesion that may develop to squamous cell carcinoma in 20% of patients. Squamous metaplasia of the trigone is nearly absent in children and it appears virtually exclusively in women of reproductive age.
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