With colostomy, the end of the colon is brought through an opening in the abdomen, and a pouch attached to collect waste.
Usha Panneerselvam, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursWoodridge Medical Associates
351 Budlong Rd
Cranston, RI 02920
- BlueCross BlueShield
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- Roger Williams Medical Center
- The Miriam Hospital
What is a colostomy?
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital answered
How does an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) work?
During your electrophysiology (EP) study, or on an electrocardiogram (ECG) or other type of rhythm strip, your doctor has learned which type of arrhythmia you have and whether there is a fast heart rate (tachycardia). When your cardioverter defibrillator is implanted, it will be programmed to detect this rate. When it does, it will try to stop the rhythm in one of three ways. Your electrophysiologist will choose which methods are best for your rhythm problem.
The three ways are:
Pacing (called antitachycardia or fast pacing) -- The device sends
small, rapid electrical impulses to your heart. These impulses
will try to stop your abnormal rhythm and let the normal heart
rhythm return. You will probably not feel these pacing
impulses. Cardioversion -- The device sends a low-energy shock. One or
more of these shocks can be sent to convert your fast heart
rhythm to a more normal rhythm. You will be aware of the
shock even though it is at a low energy level. It may feel like
a jolt in the chest. Defibrillation -- The device may send a high-energy shock to your
heart. This shock is needed if the low-energy shock is not
successful or if your heart goes into ventricular fibrillation
(VF). You will feel this shock -- it feels like a kick or a jolt in
What are the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome?
Many people who have nephrotic syndrome do not have any noticeable physical symptoms. When symptoms are present, they can include:
- Swelling in the tissues around the eyes (periorbital edema) or in the feet or ankles (peripheral edema). This is the most common early symptom of nephrotic syndrome in both children and adults.
- Shortness of breath caused by fluid buildup in the lungs (pulmonary edema).
- Adults older than 65 may be misdiagnosed with heart failure.
- Children are often thought to have allergies.
- Dry skin.
- Swelling of the scrotum (scrotal edema), which may cause a cord in the testicles to twist ( testicular torsion ).
- Protein in the urine (proteinuria).
- Low protein (albumin) in the blood.
- High cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
- Low blood levels of iron and vitamin D.
Signs of nephrotic syndrome in blood and urine tests can include:
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