Treatment for an Achilles tendon that has completely ruptured may include surgery requiring a small incision to reattach the tendon, followed by splinting, or splinting alone.
Sheldon Marne, DPM
Location and Office HoursABC Podiatry Center
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How is Achilles tendonitis treated?
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital answered
What can I do to manage my Achilles tendon problems?
Home treatment is often used for Achilles tendinopathy and in physical therapy or rehabilitation (rehab) after an Achilles tendon rupture.
Follow these steps to rest, heal and strengthen your Achilles tendon and prevent further injury:
- Rest your Achilles tendon. Avoid all activities that strain the tendon, such as stair climbing or running. Try other activities, such as swimming, while you give your tendon the days, weeks or months it needs to heal. Your doctor will tell you what you can and cannot do.
- Reduce pain by icing your Achilles tendon and taking nonprescription pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as directed. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.
- Follow your physical therapy program if one has been prescribed for you. Do gentle stretching and strengthening exercises. Focus on calf stretches.
- Don't smoke or use other tobacco products. Smoking slows healing, because it decreases blood supply and delays tissue repair.
- Wear footwear that protects the tendon while it heals.
- Quality athletic shoes that support your arches and cushion your heels can make a big difference in your comfort and healing. If needed, talk to your physical therapist or podiatrist about heel pads or orthotics.
- A bandage that keeps your foot flexed can restrict the motion of the Achilles tendon.
- A silicone sleeve or pad can distribute pressure on the Achilles tendon.
If your Achilles tendon shortens and stiffens while you sleep, your doctor may suggest that you wear a night brace to keep your foot flexed.
Achilles tendon rupture
No matter how you treat an Achilles tendon rupture, after treatment it's important to follow your rehab program. This program helps your tendon heal and prevents further injury.
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Should I wear an ankle brace if I have a sprained ankle?
A brace can be a helpful tool to wear if you have sprained your ankle. An ankle brace will support your ankle when you walk and your foot flexes. An ankle brace can help prevent you from spraining your ankle again. The brace should support the outside and inside of your ankle, preventing the rolling motion that is often the cause of a sprained ankle. The decision to wear a brace can be left up to the comfort of whomever has to wear it.
(This answer provided for NATA by the Eastern University Athletic Training Education Program.)
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