Sandra N. Hannegan, MD
Location and Office HoursLow Country Dermatology Associates
Charleston, SC 29407
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Carolina Care Plan
- TRICARE South/Humana Military Healthcare
What is an open comedo?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredAn open comedo is a clogged pore that has an open surface. The plural of comedo is comedones, and open comedones are also called blackheads. As you look into the clogged pore, you can see that it is black inside. This happens when a hair follicle, the tiny shaft in the skin through which hair grows, gets clogged near the top of the skin. Air that comes in contact with the plug causes it to turn black. Acne is characterized by blackheads, whiteheads (also called closed comedones), and inflamed red pimples or "zits."
How do I need to adjust my daily regimen for my dark skin?
Ellen Marmur, MD, Dermatology, answered
The biggest challenge of darker skin is pigmentation problems. When your skin is irritated, by either scrubbing too hard or picking at a pimple, it can easily become discolored. Any form of trauma, even a small scratch or redness, can turn into a dark stain that lasts for about six months. To help fade darker spots, ask your dermatologist about including either hydroquinone (a lightening agent) or retinoic acid in your regimen. As for your routine, keep it geared to how your skin feels (oily or dry), but if there's any confusion, it's most likely sensitive. If your skin is pigmentation-prone, it is definitely very sensitive. You want to avoid anything that will cause a reaction on the skin: fragrances, exfoliants that are too gritty, acids that are too strong, and benzoyl peroxide acne treatments. Even a harsh cleanser can cause pigmentation problems. Start by using gentle products that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients such as aloe vera, allantoin, soy, vitamin E, and cucumber. And you need to wear sunscreen daily to prevent more hyperpigmentation. Even though your skin type is a little more protected by melanin, it's not completely safe from skin cancer or burning. Sun exposure generates skin tone discoloration, and those darker spots are hypersensitive to the sun, so sunscreen is important. Remember, don't pick or scratch your face, which can cause dark spots. You have to be especially respectful of, and gentle to, this type of skin.
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How can I get rid of turkey neck without surgery?
YouBeauty answeredThere are several strategies for getting rid of your turkey neck using topical products, depending on how advanced your particular case is. “If it’s very pronounced, surgery will give you the biggest bang for the buck,” Francesca Fusco, M.D., a New York City-based dermatologist, told us. “But for women who are scalpel-shy, there are several non-invasive treatments.”
If the skin on your neck is only slightly lax -- or if your goal is preventing turkey neck -- applying a topical cream to the area can offer some help. “A vitamin-A cream like tretinoin can have a subtle skin-tightening effect,” says Dr. Fusco. “Just keep in mind that it won’t have any effect on fat.” Ask your dermatologist about a prescription Retin-A cream or go the over-the-counter route and look for a lotion with retinol.
Good-for-your-skin ingredients like peptides and antioxidants can also help to improve the appearance of neck skin that’s just starting to slacken. “They help mature skin by supplementing skin’s natural youth-retaining functions, which increases elasticity,” says aesthetician Christina Zehavi.
And of course, daily sunscreen is a must. The thin skin on your neck is especially vulnerable to ultraviolet A (UVA) damage, which contributes to a loss of elasticity. “So many women ignore the skin on their neck,” says Fusco. “You need to give it the same care you give your face.”Helpful? 2 people found this helpful.
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