Ryan Laponis, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursUCSF Internal Medicine
1545 Divisadero St Fl 1
San Francisco, CA 94115
- monday: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
- tuesday: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
- wednesday: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
- thursday: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
- Anthem BlueCross BlueShield
- Blue Shield of California
- BlueCross BlueShield
- Chinese Community Health Plan
- First Health
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- Health Net
- Health Plan of San Mateo
- Kaiser Permanente Health Plans
- On Lok
- San Francisco Health Plans
- Santa Clara Family Health Plan
- Tricare/Humana Military Healthcare
- United Healthcare
- UCSF Medical Center at Mount Zion
What is vesicoureteral reflux?
This is an abnormal, congenital condition where the urine from the bladder enters the kidney backwards. Normally there is a valve that prevents this from happening. In children this can lead to high fevers, kidney infections and ultimately permanent kidney injury. An xray called a voiding cystogram can diagnose the condition.
What is hydronephrosis?
Hydronephrosis refers to extra urinary fluid in the kidney. Not a separate disease, but a physical phenomenon that occurs with many diseases, its symptoms, treatment, and prognosis are those of the disease that has caused it.
Hydronephrosis can be caused by obstruction of the ureters or bladder outlet. It can also result from reflux (retrograde passage of urine from the bladder up the ureters to the renal pelvis.)Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
How do I care for someone with cardiovascular disease?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
One of the most important things is for you to be aware of symptoms of cardiovascular disease, such as heart attack or stroke. Other symptoms include chest pain, being short of breathe, muscle cramps or leg pain, fatigue, weakness, and numbness. It is also important for your loved one to take their heart medication regularly to prevent additional problems. Helping to monitor physical activity and diet, enabling the person to relax, and encouraging them to stop smoking are also important.
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