In general, men are more likely to develop coronary artery disease than women. This is because, until they go through menopause, women benefit from higher levels of estrogen in their bloodstream. However, once women go through menopause, their rate of developing the disease exceeds men's. After the age of 70, more women die of coronary artery disease than men.
Ryan Laponis, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
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How is coronary artery disease (CAD) different for women than for men?
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How is "short bowel syndrome" related to Crohn's disease?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
Surgery is often needed to fight Crohn's disease, a form of irritable bowel disease (IBD) in which inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract develops. Up to 60 percent of people with Crohn's need surgery within the first eight to 10 years with this disease.
One of the side effects from Crohn's surgery is the problem called "short bowel syndrome". When part of the intestine has to be removed, that may affect your ability to properly absorb certain nutrients. This condition can worsen if you have to undergo more surgery, removing more of your intestine. In Crohn's, such need for repeated surgery happens in up to 60 percent of patients.
What does it mean if a doctor is “board certified”?
Board certification means that your doctor has passed periodic exams to test knowledge in the field. Board certification is an assurance to the patient that a physician is staying current in the field and is being reviewed by peers. Physicians can be certified in their field and, in many cases, in their specialty.
If you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, you may seek out or be referred to a board-certified general cardiologist or interventional cardiologist (cardiologists who perform catheter-based procedures such as angioplasty and stenting to reopen blocked arteries). Board certification for cardiology and interventional cardiology is administered through the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM). Board certification is required by most hospitals for credentialing. Recently, physicians have been asked to re-certify in their specialty to demonstrate continued education in advances and treatments for patients.
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