Eight out of every 1,000 babies are born with CHD. About half of them -- about 4 out of 1000 -- will need surgery to treat the disease. Of those who have surgery, 96 out of 100 (96%) go home alive after the surgery. Some milder forms of pediatric heart disease can be treated with medication and do not require surgery.
There are now more adults than children with CHD in the United States. Significant advances in the treatment of pediatric heart disease over the past 20 to 30 years have led to increased survival so that most children with CHD live to adulthood. This is a dramatic improvement from the 1940s and 1950s, when most forms of CHD were fatal.