Robert S. Yamulla, DO
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursEdward S Polashenski DO & Robert S Yamulla MD
128 W 14th
Hazleton, PA 18201
- Blue Cross of Northeast Pennsylvania
- Coventry HealthAmerica
- Hazleton General Hospital
What role do bacteria play in gut?
Anthony Komaroff, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredDifferent populations around the world have different bacteria in the gut. This could explain why people in some areas of the world suffer certain kinds of malnourishment than others, and why different diseases or susceptibilities are more prevalent. Researchers have long suspected that dietary differences influence disease: Why do the French, who eat lots of cheese, have a lower rate of heart disease? Is it the wine? Why do the Japanese have a lower rate of some cancers? Is it their low-fat diet? Instead, it may be because over the centuries, people in different countries have developed certain populations of gut bacteria that play a role in their physiology. It may help explain why some people are more susceptible to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and diabetes -- all diseases that result when the immune system, instead of attacking dangerous invading microbes, attacks normal body cells.
What are the complications of obstetric fistula if untreated?
Atlanta Gastroenterology Associates answered
Obstetric fistula, if left untreated, can cause very serious complications. If a person does not get the proper treatment for an obstetric fistula, the complications can greatly diminish quality of living. The condition may prevent someone from social contact due to lack of bowel control. Untreated obstetric fistulas can worsen, causing infection, ulcers, kidney disease, and even death. It's also possible to have nerve damage to the legs, causing problems with walking.
What are the symptoms of a torn bile duct?
Bill Salt, MD, Gastroenterology, answered
The main symptoms would be abdominal pain and enlargement. The pain and swelling are caused by leakage of bile into the belly, which is very irritating. Yellow coloration of the urine and skin (Jaundice) can occur after several days.
The most common cause of a torn bile duct is an injury (biliary trauma):
See all Digestive Diseases questions
- A complication following surgery to remove the gall bladder, which is more common after the gall bladder is removed with a scope (laparoscopic cholecystectomy) than with open abdominal surgery
- Blunt injury to the lower right side of the chest and/or upper right abdomen, such as by the steering wheel in a car accident or a fall
- Penetrating injury to these locations, such as with a bullet or knife