A congenital heart defect is present since birth. The defect may include improperly functioning heart valves or heart chambers. Under these circumstances, the healthy portion of the heart works harder to pump blood to the body. The extra strain placed on the heart muscle may result in heart failure.
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- How can a congenital heart defect lead to heart failure?
What is a coronary fistula?
Coronary fistulas are abnormal branches from the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply the heart with blood) that bypass the circulation through the heart muscle and instead passes directly back to one of the heart chambers or pulmonary artery. These fistulas are sometimes found incidentally if a baby or child receives an echocardiogram for another reason. Sometimes, there is enough blood flow through a fistula to create a heart murmur. Some coronary fistulas do not require treatment and may become smaller over time. Others may require catheter-based or surgical treatment.
How do other illnesses affect congenital heart disease?
You should always be very careful about getting sick. One disease in particular that you should be careful of is infective endocarditis, a bacterial infection of the heart. Since your heart has already been weakened by your congenital heart defect, you can succumb more easily to infection. In addition, any disease that has the potential to damage your heart can possibly be more serious, as your heart is already damaged.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
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