Preventing sports injury: Some musculoskeletal problems associated with injuries may be preventable. Care should be taken in sports and physical activities to prevent injuries, sprains, and the overuse of joints, such as in the ankle, wrist, knee, shoulder, and spine. Individuals participating in sports activities such as football, swimming, gymnastics, baseball, basketball, tennis, skiing, wrestling, and soccer may be at a greater risk of developing musculoskeletal problems.
Preventing occupational injury: Any job or activity that requires a fixed position over a long period of time can cause musculoskeletal discomfort. Poor job and workplace design appears to contribute to many reported discomforts. Important methods of preventing such discomfort include assuming a range of comfortable positions and having adjustable furniture, such as chairs, tables, and keyboard supports. However, the degree of adjustability for any furniture and visual display depends on how long and for what purpose they will be used. Prolonged work in the same position, whether seated or standing, can cause discomfort. Where possible, movement should be incorporated into the task to prevent discomfort and fatigue.
Exercise: Maintaining physical fitness is important to those suffering from musculoskeletal problems. Those with musculoskeletal problems who exercise according to their healthcare professional's recommendations tend to do better, with less symptoms and a slower disease progression, than those who do not. A daily regimen of exercise can help the person feel better physically and mentally. Individuals should walk as much as possible, even if assistance is necessary.
Pilates is a body conditioning routine that seeks to build flexibility, strength, endurance, and coordination without adding muscle bulk. In addition, pilates may increase circulation and may help to sculpt the body and strengthen the body's "core" (torso). People who engage in pilates regularly report that they have better posture, are less prone to musculoskeletal injury, and experience better overall health.
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