Richard S. Rabinowitz, MD
Specialty: Orthopedic Surgery
Location and Office HoursBarrington Orthopaedic Specialists
929 W Higgins Rd
Schaumburg, IL 60195
- BlueCross BlueShield
- BlueCross BlueShield of Illinois
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- United Healthcare
- Alexian Brothers Behavioral Health Hospital
- Alexian Brothers Medical Center
- Northwest Community Hospital
- Northwestern Memorial Hospital
- St Alexius Medical Center
What are the most common sports-related injuries in women?
Jennifer Baima, MD, Physical Medicine/rehabilitation, answered on behalf of Brigham and Women's HospitalMild ankle sprain, when there is acute stretching of the ligaments on the outside of the ankle joint, is more common in women. An ACL tear also is more common in women. The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is a band of collagen that helps to stabilize the knee joint and stretching of the ligament or a tear can occur even without contact injury in sport. In young female athletes, stress fractures are more common. Stress fractures are tiny breaks that occur when bone is weak from too much activity, not enough nutrients, or a hormonal imbalance. Since these three symptoms are all related, we call this the female athlete triad.
How does my body keep me upright?
Vonda Wright, MD, Orthopedic Surgery, answered
In order to stay upright, your body is sensing the direction of the sway and activating the muscles on the opposite side of the body to contract and correct your upright position. Your muscles and joints "know" where they are in space. This process, which is called proprioception, happens at lightening speed without your consciously thinking about it. Proprioception is the ability of our bodies to detect where we are in space (i.e., whether we are leaning to the right or left) and to contract muscles appropriately for us to stay upright.
There are actually many systems working together to keep us standing upright. Balancing effectively takes our eyes, ears (vestibular system), and peripheral sensory system (skin receptors of pressure and touch) as well as our neuromuscular connections (the nerve pathways between our brains and muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints). Our brains are able to coordinate these signals to determine where our limbs are in space and the speed and direction of their movement.
Why does it tingle when I hit my funny bone or the inside of my elbow?
When nerves are damaged or irritated, they cause a tingling sensation along the distribution of the nerve, or the path that the nerve follows. Since the funny bone (or ulnar nerve), is very superficial at the elbow, it's very common to irritate it.
(This answer provided for NATA by the Gustavus Adolphus College Athletic Training Education Program.)
See all Joint Health questions