Retinopathy of prematurity: Pregnant mothers should visit their obstetricians regularly to ensure that they and their fetuses are in good health. Obstetricians can also make recommendations for good prenatal care.
Infants who are born at less than 36 weeks of gestation or weigh less than four pounds, six ounces at birth should be screened for retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy: Controlling blood sugar with medications and a proper diet may help prevent diabetic retinopathy. Yearly eye exams are recommended for diabetics. This can allow treatment to begin before symptoms are evident. Prompt treatment helps reduce the risk of permanent vision loss.
Hypertensive retinopathy: Individuals with histories of high blood pressure should regularly visit their healthcare providers and eye doctors. Patients who have high blood pressure should regularly take their blood pressure-lowering medications. Lifestyle changes, including regular exercise and a healthy, well-balanced diet may also help lower blood pressure.
Central serous retinopathy: Central serous retinopathy cannot be prevented because the cause remains unknown. In general, individuals should regularly visit their eye doctors to ensure that their eyes are in good health.
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