R Tyler. Boone, MD
Specialty: Orthopedic Surgery
- orthopedic surgery
- neck & spine surgery
Location and Office HoursEastern Oklahoma Orthopedic Center
6475 S Yale
Tulsa, OK 74136
- Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Oklahoma
- BlueLincs (BC/BS)
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Saint Francis Hospital
- St John Medical Center
How is bone formed and broken down?
David Slovik, MD, Endocrinology/diabetes/metabolism, answeredBone is constantly being constructed and demolished. During resorption, cells known as osteoclasts break down bone, releasing calcium into the bloodstream. The trenches that are left behind are then filled in by construction cells known as osteoblasts. The osteoblasts release collagen into these troughs and eventually evolve into structural bone cells, or osteocytes. Once these osteocytes mix together with calcium, phosphate, and other minerals to form a cement-like substance known as hydroxyapatite, the process of replacing the lost bone is complete.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
What are musculoskeletal problems?
The musculoskeletal system is a type of organ system that allows for movement and stability of the body and consists of bones, muscles, joints, tendons, cartilage, ligaments, bursae (fluid-filled sacs), and other connective tissue. Complications arise when individual parts of this bodily system are injured can range from minor discomfort to serious medical conditions. Symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can be acute or chronic and may include inflammation, swelling, pain, fatigue, weakness, joint noises and stiffness, limited range of motion, and lack of coordination.
The skeletal system serves many important functions, including providing structure, shape, form, support, and protection for the body. The skeletal system also allows for bodily movement, produces blood for the body, and stores minerals. The skeletal system consists of 206 bones that form a rigid framework as well as protect soft tissues and vital organs of the body. For example, the brain is protected by the skull which surrounds it and the heart and lungs are enclosed in the sternum and rib cage.
Bodily movement is made possible by the interaction of the muscular and skeletal systems. For this reason, they are often grouped together as the musculoskeletal system. Muscles are connected to bones by tendons. Bones are connected to each other by ligaments. Where bones meet one another is called a joint. Muscles that cause movement of a joint are connected to two different bones. The muscles contract and relax to cause movement. An example would be the contraction of the biceps and a relaxation of the triceps. This produces a bend at the elbow. The contraction of the triceps and relaxation of the biceps produces the effect of straightening the arm.
You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/
Copyright © 2012 by Natural Standard Research Collaboration. All Rights Reserved.
What is the annulus fibrosus?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredThe annulus fibrosus is the tough outer portion of the intervertebral disks that separate the bones of the spine, called vertebrae. This animation tells you more about these disks.
See all Joint Health questions