Pulmonary insufficiency is the medical term for a leaky pulmonary valve. A properly functioning pulmonary valve does not leak much, and it keeps the blood flowing in one direction - from the heart’s lower right pumping chamber (the right ventricle) into the major vessel (pulmonary artery) that connects to the lungs. Defects in the valve, or previous surgical repairs, may cause the valve to leak blood back into the right ventricle.
Peter J Longo, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursPeter J Longo MD
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What is pulmonary insufficiency?
What are the symptoms of anomalous coronary arteries and fistulas?
Sometimes children are born with an abnormal placement of the arteries that supply the heart with blood (the coronary arteries). Additionally, abnormal branches from the coronary arteries, or fistulas, may be present.
Many children with this type of congenital (present at birth) heart disease will not have any symptoms. Some will have symptoms like chest pain, arrhythmias, or passing out (syncope) with exercise. In rare circumstances, the abnormality can result in sudden death.Infants with a condition called anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) may become sick with difficulty feeding and increased work of breathing within the first few months of life due to progressive deterioration of heart function. This requires a surgery to remove the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (the artery leading from the heart to the lung) and to reattach the vessel back to the aorta (the main blood vessel leading from the heart to the body). Because there is usually some damage to the heart caused by the reduced blood flow to the heart, the squeezing function of the heart may be reduced. The function of some of the valves letting blood into the heart may be affected, resulting in significant leakage of the valve. Even after reattaching the anomalous coronary artery back to the heart, the squeezing function of the heart and valve function may not recover, resulting in a cardiomyopathy.
Is there a cure for valvular heart disease?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
While there is no cure for valvular heart disease, there are many treatments as well as many steps you can take to manage your condition. If your valvular heart disease is mild, you may not need treatment for many years. You may also be able to prevent your condition from worsening by following healthy lifestyle practices such as exercising, not smoking, and maintaining a healthy diet. As valvular heart disease progresses, treatments, including medications and surgery, are available. These are not cures but can help resolve the symptoms of valvular heart disease as well as restore and maintain cardiac health.
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