Paul E. Morrissey, MD
Location and Office HoursTransplant Services Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, RI 02903
- BlueCross BlueShield of Rhode Island
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Massachusetts
- Neighborhood Health Plan
- United Healthcare
What is a laceration (cut)?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredLaceration is the medical term for a cut -- that is, a tear or opening in the skin. Minor cuts may be treated at home by washing the cut with mild soap and water, applying pressure with a clean cloth to stop the bleeding, and applying antibacterial ointment and a bandage. Seek medical attention right away for any more serious cuts.
What are colon and rectal surgeons?
Healthwise answeredColon and rectal surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in surgery of the colon and rectum. Colon and rectal surgeons can diagnose and treat diseases such as colon cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases including colitis and regional enteritis (Crohn's disease) and hemorrhoids. They may also perform diagnostic procedures, such as sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. Colon and rectal surgeons can be board-certified through the Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery, which is recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties.
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What is meniscal injury?
William N Levine, MD, Orthopedic Surgery, answered
The meniscus cartilage is like a shock absorber pad between the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) in the knee. There are 2 menisci - 1 on the inside of the knee ("medial meniscus") and 1 on the outside of the knee ("lateral meniscus"). Actually many meniscal tears can and are successfully treated without surgery. Typically physical therapy (to strengthen the surrounding muscles) and anti-inflammatory medicines (i.e. Ibuprofen, to decrease inflammation and swelling) will be recommended initially for symptomatic meniscal tears.
One type of meniscal tear that will require surgery is a "bucket-handle" tear. This is a tear that usually occurs acutely and causes a "locked knee" where the knee gets stuck due to a large segment of the meniscus cartilage becoming lodged between the femur and the tibia. The 2nd type of meniscal tear that may require surgery is one in which the symptoms persist (pain and swelling and often prevention of performing activities and/or sports) despite appropriate non-operative treatment.
For those patients who require surgery, make sure you ask your doctor what the status of the surface cartilage is before the operation. The surface cartilage is also called articular cartilage and is like the white, glistening tissue on the end of a chicken bone. The loss of articular cartilage is what happens in arthritis and sometimes is damaged as well in patients with meniscal tears and can alter the treatment, rehabilitation, and ultimate outcome in patients having meniscal surgery.
Ultimately, arthroscopic treatment for isolated meniscal tears is highly successful in most patients.
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