There are at least 35 different kinds of heart birth defects. Each kind of birth defect, however, can range from minor to serious. When a child has a septal defect, which is a hole in the heart, it can be a serious hole that requires surgery, or a minor one that closes by itself.
Mitchell C. Rosenberg, MD
- interventional cardiology
Location and Office HoursThe Heart House
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How many different heart birth defects are there?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
How can eating cheese help my heart?
We often think of cheese as that artery-clogging no-no on top of pizza. But a new study suggests cheese might actually be good for your heart -- if you choose low-fat.
Yep. In a study of middle-aged adults, frequent servings of low-fat dairy products appeared to significantly reduce levels of heart-hampering inflammatory compounds.
The researchers measured blood levels of three inflammatory markers: C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. And all three compounds were significantly lower in people who got 11 to 14 servings of low-fat dairy products each week compared with people who got fewer than eight servings. It's good news for your taste buds and your heart, because reducing the number of inflammatory compounds in your body may help protect you from heart disease.
Full-fat versions of dairy products are rich in saturated fat, and that means trouble for both your heart and your waistline. But low-fat and nonfat versions are rich in protein, B vitamins and minerals that have been credited with everything from reducing the risk of high blood pressure to lowering homocysteine -- a protein linked to heart disease. In the recent study, a cup of low-fat milk or yogurt or an ounce of cheese each counted as a serving. And every little serving helped. Eating just one extra serving of low-fat dairy per week resulted in a measurable decrease in inflammation.
What is Eisenmenger’s complex?
Eisenmenger’s complex is a congenital (at birth) heart defect in which a hole between the lower chambers (a ventricular septal defect) is coupled with 1) pulmonary high blood pressure; 2) the passage of blood from the right side of the heart to the left (right to left shunt); 3) an enlarged right ventricle; and 4) a latent or clearly visible bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis). It may also include an aorta that receives ejected blood from both the right and left lower chambers (ventricles), a condition known as an overriding aorta. People with Eisenmenger's complex, before and after treatment, are at risk for getting an infection within the aorta or the heart valves. Such an infection is called endocarditis. All people with uncorrected or partially corrected Eisenmenger’s complex will need to take antibiotics before certain dental procedures. If you (or your child) have had corrective surgery, ask the cardiologist if routine antibiotics are still necessary.
More about AHA’s new guidelines for antibiotics in congenital heart disease:
Dental Care and Heart Disease –
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