Avoiding situations or controlling the other diseases that can contribute to kidney disease can sometimes prevent nephrotic syndrome. The earlier a person changes the things that damage the kidneys, the better. You can help prevent kidney damage by:
- Keeping your blood pressure at less than 125/75 mm Hg with medicine, diet and exercise.
- Keeping strict control over your blood glucose level if you have diabetes.
- Maintaining healthy levels of fats (lipids), such as cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Not smoking or using other tobacco products.
If you were diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome in the past:
- Avoid dehydration.
- Promptly treat illnesses that cause dehydration, such as diarrhea, vomiting or fever.
- Prevent dehydration during hot weather and when you exercise.
- Avoid caffeine drinks, such as coffee and colas. They increase urine output, which increases dehydration.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages. They increase urine output, which increases dehydration.
- Do not take salt tablets. Most people get plenty of salt in their diets. Use a sports drink if you are worried about replacing minerals lost through sweating. Do not use a sports drink if you have heart failure unless you are instructed to do so by your doctor.
- Stop working outdoors or exercising at the first sign of dizziness, lightheadedness, or fatigue.
- Wear one layer of lightweight, light-colored clothing when you are working or exercising outdoors. Replace sweaty clothing with dry clothing as soon as you can.
- Avoid medicines that may harm the kidney.
- Avoid X-ray tests that use contrast material.
- Prevent heart disease. Lifestyle changes%u2014eating a low-fat diet, quitting smoking and getting regular exercise%u2014can help reduce your overall risk of heart disease and stroke.
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