Radiation therapy is a very effective treatment option for prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate. Recent data support radiation therapy to the prostate as having similar outcomes as prostatectomy (surgery) for prostate-confined cancer, even going out 15 years from the time of treatment. Whether radiation is the optimal choice for a patient is determined by many factors, such as age of the patient, other health issues of the patient, and preference of the patient. This is not a straightforward question, and patients need to sit down with their physicians to have a lengthy discussion regarding all their options, and then make a decision that is right for them.
Michael I. Goldberg, MD
Location and Office HoursMagliaro & Goldberg MDs
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Health Net
- Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
- Saint Peter's University Hospital
- How effective is radiation therapy in treating prostate cancer?
How does surgery affect women with cervical cancer?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Surgery is one of the primary treatments for cervical cancers. It could be minor or it could be quite invasive. Procedures focusing on smaller areas of irregular cells in the cervix could use an electrically heated wire or lasers to remove the cells. Even freezing the cells to kill them and keep them from spreading is a possibility. Some minor discomfort may be involved.
But when the cervical cancer becomes more invasive, so does the surgery. A hysterectomy may be necessary to remove all of the cancerous tissue to prevent it from spreading. Removal of the uterus will leave a woman unable to have children. If the ovaries are also removed, this will trigger menopause. There are some surgeries that can be performed if the cancer is not too advanced that can preserve a younger woman's chance to get pregnant and carry a child. But if cancer has spread to other organs, major surgery involving not only the reproductive organs, but also the bladder and rectum may be warranted.
How is laparoscopic surgery used to treat colorectal cancer?
Although the techniques vary, minimally invasive surgical procedures employ video cameras and lens systems to provide anatomic visualization within a region of the body.
Achieving such visualization requires the creation and maintenance of an optical cavity, most commonly created with carbon dioxide insufflation. Using short incisions in the skin, narrow tubes are inserted through the abdominal wall so that instruments can be slid through them to perform the maneuvers necessary for the operation. All this is viewed directly on a video monitor that receives its picture from a video camera attached to the laparoscope.
This minimally-invasive procedure has many advantages for patients, including:
•small incisions in the skin;
•less pain associated with surgery;
•reduced hospitalization time;
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