Michael D. Watson, MD
Specialty: Orthopedic Surgery
- orthopedic surgery
- sports medicine
Location and Office HoursBenjamin William Begley MD
2901 Old Jacksonville
Springfield, IL 62704
- BlueCross BlueShield of Illinois
- Coventry Health Care
- United Healthcare
- Memorial Medical Center
- St John's Hospital
What are the most common sports-related injuries in women?
Jennifer Baima, MD, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, answered on behalf of Brigham and Women's HospitalMild ankle sprain, when there is acute stretching of the ligaments on the outside of the ankle joint, is more common in women. An ACL tear also is more common in women. The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is a band of collagen that helps to stabilize the knee joint and stretching of the ligament or a tear can occur even without contact injury in sport. In young female athletes, stress fractures are more common. Stress fractures are tiny breaks that occur when bone is weak from too much activity, not enough nutrients, or a hormonal imbalance. Since these three symptoms are all related, we call this the female athlete triad.
How are musculoskeletal problems treated?
General: Musculoskeletal problems are generally managed with medications that reduce pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damage.
Antidepressants: Some individuals with musculoskeletal problems may also suffer from depression. Commonly prescribed anti-depressants for arthritis patients include amitriptyline, nortriptyline (Aventyl, Pamelor), and trazodone (Desyrel). These drugs may also help with nerve pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders. Side effects of antidepressant medications include drowsiness, fatigue (excessive tiredness), constipation, dry mouth, and blurred vision.
Lifestyle changes: Many lifestyle changes, including regular exercise, weight management, and consumption of a healthy diet may help reduce symptoms of musculoskeletal problems. A healthcare provider may recommend a physical therapist, nutritionist, or registered dietician to help determine the best treatment plan for the individual.
Cool compress or ice pack: Applying a cool compress or ice pack to the affected joint during a flare-up may help reduce swelling and pain.
Heat: Applying a hot pack to affected joints may help reduce pain, relax muscles, and increase blood flow to the joint. It may also be an effective treatment before exercise. Alternatively, individuals may take a hot shower or bath before or after exercise to help reduce pain.
Fusing bones: If there is serious joint damage, the bones of a joint, such as the ankle, may be surgically fused together in a procedure called arthrodesis. This surgery helps increase stability and reduces pain. However, the joint no longer has any flexibility and cannot bend or move.
Joint replacement surgery: In some cases, individuals with osteoarthritis suffer from permanent joint damage. In such instances, joint replacement surgery may be necessary. During the procedure, the damaged joint is surgically removed, and it is replaced with a plastic or metal device called a prosthesis. The most commonly replaced joints are the hip and knee, but other joints, including the elbow, shoulder, finger, or ankle joints can be replaced as well.
You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/
Copyright © 2012 by Natural Standard Research Collaboration. All Rights Reserved.
What is the function of the labrum?
Rick Olderman, Physical Therapy, answeredBoth the shoulder and hip sockets have a ring of thick cartilage around them, called the labrum, which deepens the socket and provides stability for the humeral or femoral heads as they move in the socket.
Find out more about this book:Fixing You: Shoulder & Elbow Pain: Self-treatment for rotator cuff strain, shoulder impingement, tennis elbow, golfer's elbow, and other diagnoses.
See all Joint Health questions