© Healthwise, Incorporated.
Mark P Lacy, MD
Specialty: Obstetrics & Gynecology
Location and Office HoursAnMed Health OB/GYN Associates
2000 E Greenville
Anderson, SC 29621
What is withdrawal bleeding?
Healthwise answeredWithdrawal bleeding is menstrual-like bleeding that occurs when a woman takes cycles of hormone therapy or birth control pills. Women take progestin for several weeks and then do not take progestin for several days; this drop in progestin triggers the bleeding. Withdrawal bleeding occurs during each cycle of hormone therapy about five days after progestin use ends. This is healthy for the uterine lining, which thickens with each hormone cycle, then sheds (sloughs off) in response to the drop in progestin. Withdrawal bleeding can happen when it is not expected. For example, it can come and go after stopping hormone therapy or while taking birth control pills. If withdrawal bleeding continues over a period of time, see your doctor.
What is the areola?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Areola is a term generally used to describe the area of dark-colored skin on the breast that surrounds the nipple. Areola can also be used to describe other small circular areas, such as the area around an inflamed pimple.
The size and shape of the areola varies from person to person, but mature women for the most part have larger areolae than men and adolescents.
This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.
What are natural treatments for women's health issues?
Calcium: There is a link between lower dietary intake of calcium and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Calcium supplementation has been suggested in various clinical trials to decrease overall symptoms associated with PMS, such as depressed mood, water retention, and pain.
Lactobacillus acidophilus: Multiple human studies report that Lactobacillus acidophilus vaginal suppositories are effective in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Additional research is necessary before a firm conclusion can be reached. Patients with persistent vaginal discomfort are advised to seek medical attention.
Rose hip: Rose hips are the fruits that develop from the blossoms of the wild rose (Rosaspp.). They are typically orange to red in color, but some species may be purple or black. Estimates of the number of women who experience menstrual cramps with dysmenorrhea range from 50-93%. In 10-26% of women, this pain may be severe. Herbalists have recommended aromatherapy, the therapeutic use of essential oils from plants, as a treatment for menstrual cramps. The oils are absorbed into the body via the olfactory system and the skin. Lavender, clary sage, and rose are three of the oils traditionally used to treat dysmenorrhea.
Sage: Sage (Salvia officinalis) may contain compounds with mild estrogenic activity. In theory, estrogenic compounds may decrease menopausal symptoms. Sage has been tested against menopausal symptoms with promising results.
Vitamin D: Without sufficient vitamin D, inadequate calcium is absorbed and the resulting elevated parathyroid (PTH) secretion causes increased bone resorption. This may weaken bones and increase the risk of fracture. Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to slow osteoporosis and reduce fracture, particularly when taken with calcium.
You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.
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