If the baby has hydrocephalus, a condition where the fluid that flows through the spinal cord and brain is blocked, a surgeon may implant a tube that allows excess fluid to be siphoned off through the catheter into another part of the body, such as the abdomen, the heart, or near a lung. The child may need additional surgery later on, possibly to repair the spinal cord. In addition to surgery, physical therapy is often necessary. However, sometimes defects like spina bifida are mild enough to require no treatment.
Marc B. Kapner, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursMontefior Medical Center
3400 Bainbridge Ave
Bronx, NY 10467
- BlueCross BlueShield
- Capital District Physicians' Health Plan (CDPHP)
- ConnectiCare (EmblemHealth)
- Empire BlueCross BlueShield
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- MVP Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Montefiore Medical Center
What are the treatment options for heart birth defects?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
Can children suffer heart failure?
Yes, in some cases the heart problems that a child is born with or develops after birth can lead to heart failure - the inability of the heart to meet the body’s needs for oxygen.
A variety of heart, valve and blood vessel abnormalities can cause the heart to become inefficient. This can weaken the heart’s pumping strength, interrupt the flow of blood, create an abnormal heart rhythm or disrupt the exchange of oxygen from the air with carbon dioxide in the blood. If severe enough, these abnormalities can cause the heart to fail it its job of efficiently moving blood throughout the body.
How can pecans help my heart?
Nut flours are a great way to pack nutrition into muffins, waffles, breads and more. And a new study shows that pecan meal may be especially helpful in boosting heart-healthy antioxidants.
In a small study of men and women, eating a test meal made of whole or ground pecans produced some pretty amazing benefits over another meal that contained the same number of calories but was made with refined ingredients. The pecan meal resulted in significantly higher blood concentrations of antioxidants and even doubled the participants' blood levels of gamma-tocopherol -- a form of vitamin E. What's more, three hours after eating the test meal made of whole pecans, the men and women had significantly lower blood levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein -- the stuff that nicks and wears away artery walls.
You don't have to eat a whole meal of pecans to get benefits from this toasty little hickory fruit. Just be creative in how you cook throughout the day. Baking with pecan flour is a great way to replace nutritionally empty calories -- like white flour -- with something that does a body good. You can even add ground pecans to ground beef to make healthier burgers. And add some crunch to oatmeal, salads and yogurt with some chopped pecans on top. Researchers think pecans may be particularly healthy because they have some of the highest levels of antioxidant phenols around, compared with other nuts.
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