Manoj B. Shukla, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
- internal medicine
- pulmonary & respiratory medicine
Location and Office HoursCitrus Pulmonary Consultants
5616 W Norvell Bryant
Crystal River, FL 34429
- BC/BS of Florida/Health Options
- Citrus Memorial Hospital
- Seven Rivers Regional Medical Center
What does a therapeutic recreational therapist do?
LIVESTRONG answeredA therapeutic recreational therapist is not always found in rehabilitation settings, but many hospitals have at least one therapeutic recreational therapist on staff. This specialist helps people to embrace leisure and educational activities that are part of having a good quality of life. These activities may include cooking, gardening and playing sports.
What are the common types of heart disease?
Dede Bonner, Health Education, answered
The term heart disease is used broadly as an all-inclusive description. Most people think there is only one type of heart disease, coronary artery disease (CAD), which is the buildup of fatty plaque on the inside of coronary arteries. This is by far the most common type of heart disease and the number one killer in the United States.
But there are numerous other diseases of the heart muscle, veins, arteries, and circulatory system that affect the heart. The most common include:
- Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythms, where the heart beats too fast, too slow, or is irregular). The most common type of arrhythmia is called atrial fibrillation, and it significantly increases the risk of having a stroke.
- Angina (chest pain or pressure occurs because the heart isn’t getting enough blood).
- Atherosclerotic heart disease (slow buildup of a blockage in the arteries feeding oxygen to the heart).
- Heart failure (also called congestive cardiac failure, caused by structural or functional disorders).
- Ischemia (reduced blood supply to the heart, which can result in angina).
- Heart valve disease (types include valvular stenosis and valvular insufficiency).
- Congenital heart disease (a heart defect present at birth).
- Heart muscle inflammation (called cardiomyopathy, with three main types: dilated, the most common type; hypertrophic; and restrictive).
- Pericardial disease (inflamed heart layers).
- Vascular heart disease (blood vessel disease).
Find out more about this book:The 10 Best Questions for Recovering from a Heart Attack: The Script You Need to Take Control of Your Health
What is a speech-language pathologist?
Speech-language pathologists assess, diagnose, treat and help prevent speech, language and communication disorders.
Speech-language pathologists work with people who cannot make speech sounds or cannot make them clearly; have speech rhythm and fluency problems, such as stuttering; have voice quality problems, such as an inappropriate pitch or harsh voice; have problems understanding and producing language; have cognitive communication problems, such as attention, memory and problem-solving disorders; or have oral motor problems that cause eating and swallowing difficulties.
Speech pathologists work in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, rehabilitation facilities, schools and private practices. A speech-language pathologist has a master's degree in speech and language and has completed postgraduate clinical work under the supervision of a licensed speech-language pathologist.
Speech-language pathologists can acquire the certificate of clinical competence in speech-language pathology (CCC-SLP) offered by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
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