It is unlikely that anyone alive today can remember what life was like before antibiotics. It was a pivotal point in the history of medicine and probably the whole of mankind. If it weren't for the ingenious speculation of men like Alexander Fleming that not all bacteria live in harmony with other bacteria, we may never have discovered penicillin, the first antibiotic to treat bacterial disease in humans. The Penicillium fungus, a type of mold often seen growing on bread, exudes a chemical that causes the cell wall of certain bacteria to rupture and die. Since then, researchers have studied the various ways bacteria are antagonized to develop new antibiotics.
Leland N Allen, MD
Specialty: Infectious Disease
Location and Office HoursSouth Eastern Infectious Disease
636 2nd St NE
Alabaster, AL 35007
- Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Alabama
- HealthSpring of Alabama
- United Healthcare
- Shelby Baptist Medical Center
How were antibiotics discovered?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered
Can hepatitis recur after a liver transplant?
If you suffered from Hepatitis B or C prior to receiving your new liver, it is possible to experience a recurrence of the virus after transplantation. Fortunately, antiviral therapy can protect the new liver against hepatitis B recurrence in nearly all cases. To help identify and control any recurrence, you will be screened with blood tests and liver biopsies at regular intervals. If recurrence is detected, medications will be prescribed.
How does a super infection develop?
Leigh Vinocur, MD, Emergency Medicine, answeredTypically, super infections develop after people have a cold or flu. They might be sick for a week or more, but just as they start feeling better, their fever suddenly spikes and symptoms worsen. Bacterial sinusitis is probably one of the more common super infections. It develops after the common cold (also called rhinitis.) A cold begins with sniffles, a runny nose accompanied by a usually clear nasal discharge, and no fever. If after a week or two you develop a fever and severe headache, and/or notice your nasal discharge is thicker and greenish-yellow, it is likely you have developed a superimposed case of bacterial sinusitis.
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