Joseph D. McCracken, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursCancer Care Center of Texas
San Antonio, TX 78212
- Community First Health Plans
- Humana Health Plan
- UNICARE Health Plans of Texas
- United Healthcare
- Baptist Medical Center
- CHRISTUS Santa Rosa City Centre & Children's Hospital
- Metropolitan Methodist Hospital
- Nix Medical Center
- Nix Specialty Health Center
- South Texas Regional Medical Center
What does it mean if my heart gallops?
Anthony Komaroff, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredGallops are abnormal, soft, thudding noises that the heart makes when it fills with blood. These sounds are not always a sign of coronary artery disease, but they indicate a stiffness of the heart's main pumping chamber. Gallops are extremely common among older people, particularly if they have high blood pressure (hypertension). Although gallops are usually nothing to worry about, if you have them, get checked periodically by your doctor for signs of heart trouble.
What is thrombocytopenia?
Thrombocytopenia is a disorder in which there are too few platelets and the blood does not clot properly. People who have thrombocytopenia may bleed a lot from an injury because they have an abnormally low number of platelets.
Some conditions or diseases lead to thrombocytopenia because they destroy a person's platelets or interfere with their production. Certain medicines may also cause thrombocytopenia. A person who has a low platelet count with no known cause is said to have idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).
Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include:
- Easy or excessive bruising.
- Pinpoint-sized red spots (petechiae) around the feet and ankles. In more serious cases of thrombocytopenia, the spots are larger and more widespread (purpura).
- Heavy menstrual flow.
Treatment for low platelets starts with finding a cause that can be eliminated, such as changing a drug the person is taking or treating an infection. Treatment may include platelet injections into a vein, called platelet transfusion; taking medicines to stop destruction of the platelets; taking medicine that helps the body make more platelets; or surgery to remove the spleen.
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What is a blood clot?
A blood clot is a jelly-like mass of blood tissue formed by clotting (coagulating) factors in the blood. A blood clot is a normal reaction of the body that occurs if a blood vessel is injured. This is desirable if it occurs to stop the bleeding caused by an injury. However, blood clots can become very dangerous if they occur within the bloodstream. This can happen when plaque deposits in the blood vessel walls rupture and a blood clot forms. If a piece of the blood clot breaks away and gets into the bloodstream, it can block the flow of blood to the heart or brain and cause a heart attack or stroke. A blood clot in an artery is called an arterial thrombosis. A blood clot in the vein is called a venous thrombosis. When an arterial or venous thrombosis breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream, it is called an embolus. Blood clots also can form inside the atria if blood isn’t pumped out completely and pools due to atrial fibrillation or flutter.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
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