A prognosis is a medical opinion (based on factors such as literature, statistics, prior experience) as to the likely course and outcome of the disease and treatment. The prognosis and treatment of bladder cancer is affected by:
- The location and type of cancer (microscopic or histological cellular appearance of the removed tissue).
- The grade of the cancer (description of the tumor based on how abnormal the cancer cells look under the microscope).
- The stage of the disease or depth of invasion (the extent to which the cancer has spread or metastasized).
- The patient’s age and general health (at the time of diagnosis), and response to initial treatment.
It is important to keep in mind that a prognosis is only a prediction and that a health care provider cannot be absolutely certain about the outcome for a particular patient. Many factors play a role. In general, the lower the grade and stage of the cancer, the better the prognosis.