Surgery is one of the most effective treatments for colon cancer, especially when it is caught early. In stage 0 and stage I colon cancer, surgery may cure up to 90 percent of all cases. In stage II, surgery may treat about 70 percent. In stage III, surgery may cure between 30 and 50 percent of colon cancer cases.
Joel I. Sorosky, MD
- obstetrics & gynecology
Location and Office HoursHartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06102
How effective is surgery as a treatment for colon cancer?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
What is the treatment for triple negative breast cancer?
Because triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cannot be treated with hormonal or anti-HER2 therapies, it has become associated with a poorer prognosis. But TNBC is treatable, and women diagnosed with this disease can be cured. Women with TNBC are also spared the unpleasant side effects of hormonal therapies. Triple-negative breast cancer treatments may include:
- Chemotherapy: TNBC tumors tend to be more susceptible to chemotherapy than tumors that are positive for ER, PR and HER2. If you are disease-free for four or more years following chemotherapy, it is unlikely that your cancer will return.
- Immunotherapy: Although anti-HER2 drugs like trastuzumab cannot be used in TNBC, other biologic, or targeted, drugs can be combined with chemotherapy. Targeted therapy drugs that may be used to treat TNBC include bevacizumab and cetuximab, among others. Also under investigation are PARP inhibitors. These drugs target the PARP family of enzymes, which are involved in several processes that enable malignant cells to grow and reproduce, and are currently being studied in clinical trials for TNBC.
- Radiation therapy: Women with triple-negative breast cancer may also undergo radiation to help ensure that any cancer cells remaining in the body after chemotherapy are destroyed.
What does targeted drug therapy for cancer do?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredTargeted drug therapy can block proteins, enzymes and receptors that fuel cell growth. They can modify mechanisms that turn cell growth on and off, or cause cancer cells to wither away. Still other targets mimic the body's own immune system as antibodies that recognize and kill something that doesn't belong.
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