Joel M. Lerner, DPM
Location and Office HoursFoot & Ankle Physicians
Union, NJ 07083
- Empire BlueCross BlueShield
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- Horizon BlueCross BlueShield
- United Healthcare
- Bayonne Medical Center
- Saint Barnabas Medical Center
How should I treat a grade 1 ankle sprain?
To treat a grade 1 ankle sprain, rest your ankle by not walking on it. Apply ice for 20-30 minutes, two to three times a day. Compression wraps will immobilize and support the injured ankle. Elevate your ankle above your heart. (This answer provided for NATA by the Weber State University Athletic Training Education Program.)
What's involved in rehabilitation for an ankle sprain?
Rehabilitation is used to help decrease pain and swelling and to prevent chronic ankle problems. Ultrasound and electrical stimulation may also be used as needed to help with pain and swelling. At first, rehabilitation exercises may involve active range of motion or controlled movements of the ankle joint without resistance. Water exercises may be used if land-based strengthening exercises, such as toe raising, are too painful. Lower-extremity exercises and endurance activities are added as tolerated. Proprioception training is very important, because poor proprioception is a major cause of repeat sprain and an unstable ankle joint. Once you are pain-free, you may add other exercises, such as agility drills. The goal is to increase strength and range of motion as balance improves over time. (This answer provided for NATA by the Weber State University Athletic Training Education Program.)
What is a Charcot foot?
Charcot (say "shar-ko") foot is a foot deformity that results from nerve damage in the foot or ankle. The nerve damage may cause minor pain and then a loss of sensation that increases the risk of injury to the feet. When the foot is repeatedly injured, the weight-bearing joints start breaking down.
This condition most often results from nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes. People whose blood sugar levels have not been controlled well are more likely to develop Charcot foot.
Early signs of Charcot foot include redness, swelling, and increased temperature of the foot. A skin sore or infection may be present. Later, the foot becomes unstable and deformed.
Early detection and treatment of the condition can prevent deformity and loss of function as well as possible amputation.
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