Jay S Patel, MD
Specialty: Pain Medicine
Location and Office HoursOaktree Medical Centre PC
115 Brushy Creek
Easley, SC 29642
- Blue Choice Health Plan (BC/BS of SC)
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Carolina Care Plan
- Coventry Health Care (Wellpath)
- Optimum Choice of the Carolinas/MAMSI (United Healthcare)
- PARTNERS National Health Plans
- Select Health of South Carolina
- Unison Health Plan
- WellPath Select
- Cannon Memorial Hospital
- GHS Patewood Medical Campus
- Greer Memorial Hospital
- Palmetto Health Baptist Easley
How is ultrasound used to treat pain?
Debra Fulghum Bruce PhD, Healthcare, answeredUltrasound uses sound waves delivered at a frequency above the human range of hearing that are applied to the muscles, tendons, and other soft tissues of the back. This may help increase relaxation, decrease inflammation, and improve pain of tender points. Ultrasound is more commonly used for acute back pain and other similar situations than for chronic pain. However, if you try it and it gives relief, ultrasound can be done by a physical therapist.
What is joint, tendon, and muscle pain?
The musculoskeletal system includes bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, tendons, and bursae (fluid-filled sacs). Any of these components can be injured by trauma or affected by a number of diseases causing joint, tendon, and muscle problems.
Bodily movement is made possible by the interaction of the muscular and skeletal systems; for this reason, they are often grouped together as the musculoskeletal system. The skeletal system serves many important functions, including providing the structure for the body. The skeletal system comprises 206 bones that form a rigid framework. Muscles are connected to bones by tendons. Tendons are tough yet flexible bands of fibrous tissue. Bones are connected to each other by ligaments. Ligaments are fibrous bands or sheets of connective tissue linking two or more bones, cartilages, or structures together. Where bones meet one another is called a joint. Muscles that cause movement of a joint are connected to two different bones.
The muscles contract (get shorter) and relax (get longer) to cause movement. An example would be the contraction of the biceps (a muscle located on the front of the upper arm) and a relaxation of the triceps (a muscle located on the back of the upper arm). This produces a bend at the elbow. The contraction of the triceps and relaxation of the biceps produces the effect of straightening the arm.
Common symptoms of joint, tendon, and muscle problems include inflammation, pain, weakness, stiffness, joint noises, and decreased range of motion. Inflammation can result from many conditions, including musculoskeletal disorders, autoimmune disorders, obesity, and infections. When inflammation occurs in a joint, fluid may accumulate inside the joint, causing swelling and decreased range of motion.
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How can rigid foot orthoses relieve foot pain?
Jay Morgan, NASM Elite Trainer, Fitness, answered
Individuals who are utilizing rigid foot orthotics commonly demonstrate poor foot mechanics. Usually these individuals are referred to as having "flat feet", and are in an over pronated position. The calcaneus bone (rear foot) is in an averted position in stance, and the forefoot demonstrates an abducted or various positions. Inevitably these positions would leave the individual’s foot and ankle complex in a hypermobile state and lacking proper foot mechanics. This lack of mobility and stability at the foot sets up the rest of the body for inefficient and ineffective movement. In walking for example, this would result in a lack of internal rotation at the tibia and femur, which would lead to a lack of proper mobility at the hip. As a result, the tissue complexes of the leg and hip would have to compensate and the chance of injury would increase.
A rigid foot orthotic can address the positioning of the rear foot and forefoot position by creating a deep heel cup and add in medial posting at the rear and forefoot. The goal would be to create an environment for the foot to enhance stability and foot mechanics. At Dynamic Health and Fitness we utilize the Quadra step system by Nolaro24 to address this foot type. For more information visit www.dynamichealthfitness.com
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