Cardiovascular infection is not common. It occurs most frequently in people who have bacterial infections, congenital heart defects, or artificial heart valves, or in people who use illegal drugs and unsterilized needles. Age plays a part because the heart becomes more susceptible to disease as it ages. It is most common among people over 60, who account for one fourth of all cases.
Jay M. Markowitz, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursJay M Markowitz & Associates PA
103 Saluda Ridge
West Columbia, SC 29169
- BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina
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How common is cardiovascular infection?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
If I am told I have a de novo lesion, what does that mean?
If you find out that you have blockages in your blood vessels, you may hear those blockages referred to as de novo lesions. De novo is Latin for “from the beginning” or “from new.”
A de novo lesion is simply a segment of artery-blocking plaque (a fatty substance) that has not previously been treated with angioplasty or stenting.
Angioplasty is a procedure in which a thin, flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel, and a balloon at the tip of the catheter is opened and closed to push the plaque aside, reopening the vessel to blood flow. Sometimes a stent - a metal, mesh tube - is also placed via catheter at the blockage site to permanently prop the artery open once the blockage has been pushed out of the way.
How does Crohn's disease differ from ulcerative colitis?
Both Crohn's and ulcerative colitis (UC) are forms of Irritable Bowel Disease (IBD). (By the way, IBD is not the same as IBS, irritable bowel syndrome.) It can actually be very difficult to distinguish between Crohn's and UC, but one of the key differences involves the areas of your system that each attacks. Here are a few things that doctors tend to look for:
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- Crohn's disease most commonly affects the last part of the small intestine and/or parts of the large intestine (also called the colon). However, Crohn's disease isn't limited to these areas and can attack any part of the digestive tract. UC tends to attack the large intestine and/or the rectum.
- Crohn's disease causes inflammation that extends much deeper into the layers of the intestinal wall than ulcerative colitis does.
- Crohn's disease generally tends to involve the entire bowel wall, whereas ulcerative colitis affects only the lining of the bowel.
- The best way for doctors to confirm their diagnosis is to do internal exams. This usually involves using a device called an endoscope and also by taking biopsies.