A damaged aortic valve, one of four valves in the heart, usually has to be replaced rather than repaired. Watch this video to learn more.
Jason Boglioli, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursNorth Shore Cardiopulmonary
Syosset, NY 11791
- CIGNA HealthCare
- GHI HMO
- HIP Health Plan
- Health Net
- Horizon BlueCross BlueShield
- Oxford Health Plans/United Healthcare
- United Healthcare
- Vytra Health Plans
- Huntington Hospital
- Long Island Jewish Medical Center
- North Shore University Hospital at Manhasset
- Syosset Hospital
What treatments are used for a damaged aortic valve?
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered
What are the types of congenital heart defects (CHD)?
Coleen Boyle, PhD, MS, Public Health, answered on behalf of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Congenital heart defects (CHD) can vary from mild (such as a small hole in the heart) to severe (such as missing or poorly formed parts of the heart). Different types of CHD include:
- Atrial septal defect, in which there is a hole in the wall (septum) that divides the upper chambers of the heart (atria)
- Atrioventricular septal defect, (AVSD), in which there are holes between chambers of the heart, and the valves that control the flow of blood between these chambers may not be formed correctly
- Coarctation of the aorta, in which a part of the aorta is narrower than usual. If the narrowing is severe enough and if it is not diagnosed, the baby may have serious problems and may need surgery or other procedures soon after birth.
- Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA), in which the two main arteries carrying blood out of the heart -- the main pulmonary artery and the aorta -- are switched in position (transposed)
- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) affects normal blood flow through the heart. As the fetus develops during pregnancy, the left side of the heart does not form correctly.
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) or connection (TAPVC), in which the veins bringing blood back from the lungs (pulmonary veins) don’t connect to the left atrium as they should. Instead, they go to the heart by way of an abnormal (anomalous) connection.
- Truncus arteriosus, also known as common truncus, is a rare defect of the heart in which a single common blood vessel comes out of the heart, instead of the usual two vessels (the main pulmonary artery and aorta).
- Ventricular septal defect (VSD), in which the wall (septum) that separates the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart has a hole.
What is a resting radionuclide angiogram (RNA)?
Brigham and Women's Hospital answeredA resting radionuclide angiogram (RNA) is a type of nuclear medicine procedure. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive substance, called a radionuclide (radiopharmaceutical or radioactive tracer), is used during the procedure to assist in the examination of the tissue under study. Specifically, resting RNA evaluates the heart's chambers in motion.
A radionuclide (usually technetium) will be injected into an arm vein to "tag" the blood cells so their progress through the heart can be traced with a scanner. A special camera (gamma camera) will make recordings of the heart wall at work, like a motion picture. These recordings will be synchronized with the heartbeat by using the electrocardiogram (ECG, or recording of the heart's electrical activity).
A cardiologist (a physician who specializes in heart disease) trained in nuclear cardiology will study the films to evaluate the heart's pumping function and ejection fraction (the volume of blood pumped out with each heartbeat).
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