As a result of major advances in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, today more than 90 percent of children born with a heart defect survive to adulthood. This represents great progress compared to the 1940s, when only 20 percent of children born with a heart defect lived to age 16. Currently there are more adults than children who are living with heart issues they were born with.
James R. Crandell, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursJames R Crandell MD
14601 Detroit Ave Ste 460
Lakewood, OH 44107
- Anthem BlueCross BlueShield
- BlueCross BlueShield
- BlueCross BlueShield of Illinois
- Coventry Health Care
- First Health
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- Medical Mutual of Ohio
- SummaCare Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Fairview Hospital
- Grace Hospital
- Lakewood Hospital
- St John West Shore Hospital
How many children with heart defects survive to be adults?
What are venovenous collaterals?
Cyanotic single ventricle congenital heart disease is a heart defect that is present at birth in which only one lower chamber of the heart pumps blood. The term cyanotic describes the bluish color of the child’s skin that results from a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream.
At some stages of palliative (symptom-reducing) surgery for cyanotic single ventricle congenital heart disease, small veins may open up and become larger. The small veins that enlarge are called venovenous collaterals. They allow blue blood to bypass the lungs and go directly back to the heart. This may result in an excessive blueness (cyanosis) of the child’s skin.
Coils and devices delivered within the blood vessel via a thin tube called a catheter can be used to stop (occlude) blood flow from bypassing the lungs. When the blood is able to enter the lungs, it can pick up oxygen that is necessary to support healthy functioning, and the child’s skin will return to a normal color.
When should I see a doctor for chest pain?
People shouldn’t get concerned or panicked about quick, sharp pains in the chest that come and go. However, an unusual discomfort that’s in the chest and is uncomfortable no matter what the circumstances should receive medical attention. You should get assistance from a paramedic immediately if the discomfort doesn’t go away. If the discomfort is a recurrent episode, especially if it’s related to activity, you should see your doctor.
See all Heart Disease questions