The incidence of moderate-to-severe forms of pediatric congenital heart disease is approximately six in 1,000 births. If potentially serious bicuspid aortic valve is included, the incidence is 19 in 1,000 live births and 75 in 1,000 births when all tiny muscular VSDs (ventricular septal defects) and more minor lesions are included. These figures do not include many other pediatric heart conditions, including long QT syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, other arrhythmias, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathies.
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