Congenital heart defects are the same as heart birth defects. Both are terms for problems in the heart that occur from the time the baby is growing in the womb. The term congenital simply means that it already existed at birth.
Gregory R Giugliano, MD
- interventional cardiology
Location and Office HoursBaystate Medical Associates
Springfield, MA 01199
- CIGNA HealthCare
- ConnectiCare of Massachusetts
- Fallon Community Health Plan
- Great-West Healthcare CIGNA
- HMO Blue (BC/BS of MA)
- Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Massachusetts
- Health New England
- Tufts Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Baystate Medical Center
Are congenital heart defects the same as heart birth defects?
Piedmont Heart Institute answered
How do electrolytes affect the heart?
Douglas Severance, Family Medicine, answeredElectrolytes are substances that help trigger and sustain the heart's electrical impulses. Potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium are necessary electrolytes in the blood that are vital to cell function. Studies show that blood pressure is related to dietary electrolytes. If you consume too much sodium, you can have high blood pressure. You can have high blood pressure if you have too little potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Eating foods high in calcium, potassium, and magnesium from fresh produce is important in keeping your blood pressure normal. The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is rich in fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy products. This diet is also low in sodium. If your electrolyte levels get too high or too low, it can alter the electrical impulses of your heart and trigger an arrhythmia.
How does the heart get oxygen and nutrients?
Brigham and Women's Hospital answeredThe heart is basically a pump. The heart is made up of specialized muscle tissue, called the myocardium. The heart's primary function is to pump blood throughout the body, so that the body's tissues can receive oxygen and nutrients and have waste substances taken away.
Like any pump, the heart requires fuel in order to work. The myocardium requires oxygen and nutrients, just like any other tissue in the body. However, the blood that passes through the heart's chambers is only passing through on its trip through the body -- this blood does not give oxygen and nutrients to the myocardium. The myocardium receives its oxygen and nutrients from the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries lie on the outside of the heart and supply oxygenated blood to the heart tissue.
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