Following a cardiac transplant, some individuals will develop a type of chronic rejection called coronary artery disease. This is different from the narrowed arteries often seen in individuals who have not had heart transplants. It can happen at any time after a heart transplant, but usually is seen a few years after the surgery. Another complication is called cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). CAV makes the walls of the heart's arteries thick and hard making blood circulation more difficult. It can result in a heart attack, failure of the heart, cardiac death, or abnormal heart rhythms.
Galen Centeno, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursGalen Centeno MD
360 Mountain View
Dunellen, NJ 08812
- Muhlenberg Regional Medical Center
- Can I get coronary artery disease after a cardiac transplant?
What increases my risk for cardiovascular infection?
There are several things that increase your risk for cardiovascular infection. Those who have the highest level of risk have damaged or artificial heart valves, congenital birth defects that create leaky heart valves, previous cases of cardiovascular infection, or are intravenous drug users. Damage to the heart caused by rheumatic fever can elevate risk levels, too.
How can I reduce my risk of heart disease?
Anthony Komaroff, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredMost people who develop heart disease -- at least eight in every 10 -- have at least one major risk factor that's within their power to change, such as lack of exercise, high blood pressure, or abnormal cholesterol levels. Surefire ways to lessen your risk of heart disease include maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and making sure you eat plenty of colorful fruits, vegetables, and fiber-rich whole-grain foods.
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