Fred W. Frick, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
- internal medicine
- addiction medicine
Location and Office HoursDiabetes Internal Medicine & Endocrinology
8205 E 56th
Indianapolis, IN 46216
- Advantage Health Solutions
- Anthem Blue Cross/Blue Shield
- BC/BS of Illinois (BCI)
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Great-West Healthcare CIGNA
- Humana Health Plan
- PHP of Northern Indiana
- United Healthcare
- Community Hospital East
- Community Hospital North
- Community Hospital South
- The Indiana Heart Hospital
How can a low-sodium diet help me if I have kidney disease?
A change to a low-sodium diet can slow the progression of kidney disease by lowering blood pressure, helping blood pressure medications work more effectively and also lowering protein spillage in the urine. Limiting your salt intake can also improve uncomfortable symptoms, such as swelling of the legs and ankles. A low-sodium diet not only is essential if you have kidney disease, but it can reduce your risk of other serious complications, such as stroke, heart failure and aneurysm.
How are heart and kidney disease similar?
National Kidney Foundation answeredDiseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) cause damage to both the heart and kidneys. So if you have heart disease, then it is likely that you have kidney disease and vice versa. Many people don’t experience severe symptoms until their kidney or heart disease is quite advanced, but there are some warning signs
What is interrupted aortic arch in children?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
This rare genetic disorder involves two defects. First, the aortic arch does not form a complete tube and is divided, or “interrupted.” The aortic arch is the part of the aorta (the major vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body's tissues) that curves directly above the heart and begins the descent to the lower body.
Second, there is almost always a hole, called a ventricular septal defect (VSD), in the muscle wall (septum) that separates the two ventricles, or pumping chambers of the heart.
Because the aorta is interrupted and cannot carry blood from the left ventricle to the lower body as in a normal heart, it might seem that the child with this anomaly could not survive. However, some blood does enter the lower part of the aorta because of a small vessel, known as the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) that connects the pulmonary artery to the descending aorta. (The patent ductus arteriosus is a feature of the fetal circulatory system that usually closes soon after birth.)
The pulmonary artery normally carries oxygen-poor blood to the lungs, so it might seem that blood entering the lower aorta from this vessel (through the PDA) would not carry enough oxygen to the lower body. However, in this case the ventricular septal defect (VSD) allows mixing of oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle into the right ventricle, which pumps blood into the pulmonary artery.
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