Franklin N Campagna, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursDrs Campagna & Contino
Buffalo, NY 14209
- BC/BS of Western NY
What are some common heart diseases?
Carolinas HealthCare System answeredCommon diseases of the heart include coronary artery disease (artery blockage), heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, and heart failure. One in three Americans have or will develop one of these forms of heart disease.
What do I need to know about caring for someone with celiac disease?
Atlanta Gastroenterology Associates answered
Caring for someone with celiac disease requires feeding them a restricted diet, making sure they get recommended nutrients, and seeing their doctor on a regular basis. The most important part of treating celiac disease is eating a diet that is gluten-free and making sure that any other products they use are gluten-free. Gluten is found in any food that has wheat, barley or rye and can be found in lip products, certain medications, and even play dough.
People affected with celiac disease have an inability to absorb nutrients while they have gluten in their diet, so it is important to help them replenish nutrients that they failed to absorb while they were eating gluten. It is also important to take the person your caring for to the doctor regularly to have their iron and vitamin levels checked. With children you need to make sure there growth is being monitored and that the celiac disease is under control.
What is trigonitis?
Despite its name indicative of inflammation, trigonitis is a metaplastic process. The exact primary cause is not known, however, squamous metaplasia in the bladder usually occurs in response to an irritative (prolonged indwelling catheter placement) or infectious process. The occurrence of trigonitis varies according to many reports. Non-keratinizing squamous metaplasia of the bladder neck and trigone can be seen in 50-70% of premenopausal women and is considered a normal variant. Trigonitis, or non-keratinizing squamous metaplasia, is considered nonthreatening and without malignant prospective.
Nevertheless, it must be distinguished from keratinizing squamous metaplasia, also known as leukoplakia. Leukoplakia is thought to be a reaction of the normal urothelium to harmful stimuli and is commonly considered a premalignant lesion that may develop to squamous cell carcinoma in 20% of patients. Squamous metaplasia of the trigone is nearly absent in children and it appears virtually exclusively in women of reproductive age.
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