Franklin N. Campagna, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine
Location and Office HoursGeneral Physicians
237 Linwood Ave
Buffalo, NY 14209
- BlueCross BlueShield
- BlueCross BlueShield of Western New York
- Capital District Physicians' Health Plan (CDPHP)
- Great-West Healthcare Cigna
- Independent Health
- MVP Health Plan
- United Healthcare
What are some common heart diseases?
Carolinas HealthCare System answeredCommon diseases of the heart include coronary artery disease (artery blockage), heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, and heart failure. One in three Americans have or will develop one of these forms of heart disease.
What are some types of heart and blood vessel diseases?
Hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-er-o-skleh-RO-sis), is when the inner walls of arteries become narrower due to a buildup of plaque. This limits the flow of blood to the heart and brain. Sometimes, this plaque can break open. When this happens, a blood clot forms and blocks the artery. This can cause heart attacks and ischemic strokes.
High blood pressure, also called hypertension (hi-per-TEN-shun), means the pressure in your arteries is consistently above the normal range. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. It’s written as two numbers, such as 122/78 mm Hg. The top, systolic number is the pressure when the heart beats. The bottom, diastolic number is the pressure when the heart rests between beats. High blood pressure is a pressure of 140 systolic or higher and/or 90 diastolic or higher that stays high over time.
The great danger is that you usually can't tell you have high blood pressure! There are no signs, so you must see a doctor every year. Also, no one knows exactly what causes it. Yet, high blood pressure can lead to hardened arteries, stroke or heart attack.
Heart attacks occur when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked, usually by a blood clot. If this clot cuts off the blood flow completely, the part of the heart muscle supplied by that artery begins to die.
Heart failure means that your heart isn't pumping blood as well as it should. It keeps working, but the body doesn’t get all the blood and oxygen it needs. See a doctor if you notice any of these:
- Swelling in feet, ankles and legs.
- Fluid builds up in lungs, called "pulmonary congestion."
Stroke and tia ("mini-stroke") happen when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets clogged or bursts. Then that part of the brain can’t work and neither can the part of the body it controls. Major causes of stroke include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Atrial fibrillation (abnormal heart rhythm)
What is a dissecting aorta?
Mark Russo, MD, Cardiothoracic Surgery, answered
An aortic dissection sometimes referred to as a "dissecting aorta" or "dissecting aneurysm," is the most common catastrophe of the aorta. An aortic dissection begins with a tear in the inner layer of the aortic wall (the intima). The force of the blood entering the middle layer (the media) causes the tear to extend. It typically extends distally (away from the heart) in the direction of blood flow but it may extend proximally (closer to the heart). As a result of the tear, blood is then channeled into the wall of the aorta, rather than into the central lumen, separating the layers of tissues. This creates a "false lumen" and results in decreased oxygen delivery to important organs including the brain, heart, kidneys, and intestines. It also generates a weakening in the aortic wall with a potential for rupture.
An aortic dissection is a life-threatening emergency. As many as 40% of people who experience aortic dissections die instantly, and the risk of death increases 1-3% every hour. Between 75-90% of patients who experience the most common type of dissection (those located in the part of the aorta closest to the heart) die within one week if not treated appropriately. While some types of aortic dissections do not require emergency surgery, most do. Regardless, patients with acute aortic dissections should be emergently referred to a center that specializes in the treatment of aortic diseases.
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