When you have thyroid surgery, you are given the option of either general anesthesia or local anesthesia. With local anesthesia, your neck area is numbed, mild sedatives may be given to reduce anxiety, and it is as if you are taking a nap during the operation. Since you will not be completely asleep, you can be in close communication with your surgeon throughout the operation. With general anesthesia you are completely asleep during the operation, and the same local anesthetic is given to your neck area to help eliminate any postoperative discomfort.
Fathalla M Mashali, MD
Location and Office HoursNew England Pain Associates
6 Blockstone Valley Place
Lincoln, RI 02865
- BC/BS of Rhode Island
- CIGNA HealthCare
- Neighborhood Health Plan
- United Healthcare
- Landmark Medical Center
- Rehabilitation Hospital of Rhode Island
- What kind of anesthesia will I get for thyroid surgery?
Why might my child have regional anesthesia during surgery?
It has become possible to provide pain relief to specific areas of the body rather than give general anesthesia that causes unconsciousness. For example, if your child is having foot surgery, it is possible to eliminate the feeling of pain in only the foot, either with a local injection of an anesthetic or by regional anesthesia. The most common type of regional anesthesia used in children is called epidural anesthesia. This is very similar to the anesthesia used for childbirth when local anesthesia is injected into the back or tailbone region. Intravenous sedation or inhaled anesthetic agents may be combined with a regional anesthetic. This combination may allow the anesthesiologist to give less general anesthesia. Another advantage is that regional anesthesia is often used to provide pain relief after surgery. Your anesthesiologist can discuss the advantages and disadvantages of regional anesthesia with you.
What are risks of general anesthesia during labor?
A major risk during general anesthesia in labor is caused by food or liquids in the woman's stomach. Labor can cause undigested food to stay in the stomach. During unconsciousness, this food could come back into the mouth and go into the lungs where it can cause damage. To avoid this, you are usually told not to eat or drink once labor has started. If you need general anesthesia, your anesthesiologist will place a breathing tube into your mouth and windpipe after you are asleep. If you are having a cesarean delivery, you also will be given an antacid to reduce stomach acid. In most cases, clear fluids are allowed during labor.
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