Mental retardation caused by chromosomal abnormalities, genetic disorders, inherited metabolic disorders and some infectious diseases may run in families. Genetic testing can help families evaluate their risk for having a child with mental retardation. At-risk women should be tested prior to getting pregnant.
Edgardo C. Gamboa, MD
Location and Office HoursPulmonary Associates
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- Does mental retardation run in families?
What are sensory integration issues?
Heather Wittenberg, PhD, Psychology, answeredSensory issues in your child’s development affect many families around the world. Young children are a work in progress, neurologically. New connections are made every day, connecting the body and bodily sensations with the brain. Sight, sound, smell, touch, taste, the vestibular sense (the sensation of the body’s position in space) -- all of these sensations are bombarding your child’s brain with new information. How can the brain sort it all out? How can the brain “filter in” and “filter out” certain information? For instance, in a noisy room, how can your child pick out your voice, when he’s hearing several? It’s a complicated neurological process that develops slowly, throughout childhood.
Children differ in how they process sensory information. They can be over- or under-sensitive in any (or several) of the senses. This can be overwhelming for the child and result in frustration and behavioral problems.
How does peripheral neuropathy affect the body?
Numbness is often a feature of peripheral neuropathy, and this can affect the body's ability to protect itself. For example, you may not be aware of an injury because you will be unable to feel the body's warning sign: pain. This can lead to infection and amputation, especially in those with diabetes. Chronic pain can also be a result, too. Damage to the body's more important nerves can be even more severe. You may suffer from life-threatening complications if the peripheral neuropathy affects your breathing or heartbeat. This kind of damage may also make you experience trouble eating and digesting food. Blood pressure may be lowered, and sexual function may be impaired. Loss of muscle control may make daily chores more difficult and accidents more likely.Helpful? 2 people found this helpful.
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