Mental retardation, also known as intellectual disability or MD/ID, is characterized by below average general intellectual functioning that interferes with cognitive development and the ability to perform normal daily activities. Mental retardation presents itself at birth or early infancy. It is not a medical condition or disease, nor is it a mental health disorder. Individuals with mental retardation exhibit varying degrees of low intellectual functioning that impairs their ability to adapt to interact with others, monitor personal care, and engage in social, recreational, employment, and academic activities. They may also have impaired decision making skills.
Edgardo C. Gamboa, MD
Location and Office HoursThe Neurology Center
Hays, KS 67601
- What is mental retardation?
How can I exercise safely if I have peripheral neuropathy?
Keith Chittenden , NASM Elite Trainer, Fitness, answered
Peripheral neuropathy will decrease your body's ability to sense pain or discomfort from a relatively strenuous workout. Therefore you will need to monitor the intensity of your exercise with an external measurement. An example would be a heart rate monitor. A heart rate monitor will tell you what intensity you are exercising at. You should be at a heart rate reserve of approximately 50-70% for optimal performance and to be safe. Do not try to exceed 75%HRR in one session. Another more simple measure is known as the talk test. If you are working out with a partner, you should be able to carry on a conversation without feeling winded or out of breathe. Try doing exercises that are multi-jointed such as walking, jogging, bicycling, body weight squats, wall push-ups and planks. This will reassure that you are not relying on a specific region of your body and you will get a complete overall work out. If you choose to run out side, inspect the bottom of your sneakers for any holes or wearing down of the shoe that you may not be able to feel. If the soles of the shoes are worn, replace them with a new pair and use clean socks.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.
How is mental retardation diagnosed?
Doctors diagnose mental retardation using a combination of formal testing and observation. During routine medical visits, doctors use simple questionnaires to gauge your child's developmental progress. If your child performs much lower on these questionnaires than other children their age, your doctor may refer him or her for formal testing. Formal testing includes interviews with parents, observation and norm-based tests. Often a team of medical professionals will evaluate a child for mental retardation. Should the child be diagnosed, this team will also be involved in planning therapies and treatments.
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