- Aortic Stenosis (AS)
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
- Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD)
- Coarctation of the Aorta
- Ebstein's Anomaly
- Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
- Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA)
- Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
- Pulmonary Stenosis (PS)
- Pulmonary Atresia (PA)
- Single Ventricle (Functionally Univentricular Heart)
- Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
- Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)
- Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)
- Tricuspid Atresia
- Truncus Arteriosus
- Vascular Rings
- Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
David H. Sibley, MD
- internal medicine
Location and Office HoursCardiology PC
801 Princeton Ave SW
Birmingham, AL 35211
- Princeton Baptist
What are the different types of congenital pediatric heart disease?
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons answeredThe different types of congenital pediatric heart disease include:
Can children suffer heart failure?
Yes, in some cases the heart problems that a child is born with or develops after birth can lead to heart failure - the inability of the heart to meet the body’s needs for oxygen.
A variety of heart, valve and blood vessel abnormalities can cause the heart to become inefficient. This can weaken the heart’s pumping strength, interrupt the flow of blood, create an abnormal heart rhythm or disrupt the exchange of oxygen from the air with carbon dioxide in the blood. If severe enough, these abnormalities can cause the heart to fail it its job of efficiently moving blood throughout the body.
What are the two types of aortic valve prostheses?
Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
There are two major types of aortic valve prostheses - mechanical and tissue.
Mechanical replacement valves have lifelong durability, however a blood thinning drug must be taken for the rest of the patient's life to prevent blood clots from forming on the hinges of the valve. Besides being somewhat of a nuisance, taking blood thinners also create a small risk of bleeding complications.
Tissue or "bioprosthetic" valves are made of cow or pig tissue. Because they are made of natural materials, there isn't a need to take blood thinners. However they are less durable, lasting about 10-15 years.
Your doctor will help you make a decision on which kind of aortic valve replacement to pick based on your age, occupation, lifestyle, medical history, and preference.
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