- Multiple and interacting social, psychological, and biological factors, just as health and illness in general.
- The clearest evidence is associated with indicators of poverty, including low levels of education, and in some studies with poor housing and poor income. Increasing and persisting socio-economic disadvantages for individuals and for communities are recognized risks to mental health.
- The greater vulnerability of disadvantaged people in each community to mental health disorders may be explained by such factors as the experience of insecurity and hopelessness, rapid social change, and the risks of violence and physical ill-health.
- A climate that respects and protects basic civil, political, socio-economic and cultural rights is also fundamental to mental health promotion. Without the security and freedom provided by these rights, it is very difficult to maintain a high level of mental health.
Cyril G Hardy, MD
Location and Office HoursCyril G Hardy MD
Takoma Park, MD 20912
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What are some factors that determine mental health?
Mental health is determined by socio-economic and environmental factors:
What are some myths associated with positive psychology?
Ronald Siegel, Psychology, answeredPositive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental health rather than illness, seeking to learn how normal life can be more fulfilling, and to identify the practices that individuals and communities can use to foster greater happiness. Some criticisms and responses from advocates of positive psychology are as follows:
Criticism: Positive psychology ignores suffering and denigrates sadness.
Response: Most mental health research has focused on treating disorders, whereas positive psychology sheds light on previously ignored areas of positive emotion and meaning that are important to people's quality of life. Positive psychology embraces the full range of emotions, including sadness, and attempts to help people become more resilient in the face of adversity.
Criticism: Proponents of positive psychology suggest practices and techniques based on too little evidence from scientific research.
Response: Advocates of positive psychology say that they are committed to controlled, rigorous research, but at the same time are willing to suggest that people try various interventions (meditation, visualization, and others) if they are not harmful and make intuitive sense. Even within conventional medicine, many low-risk medical and psychological interventions are practiced based upon anecdotal evidence until more solid research can be conducted.
Criticism: Positive psychology is religion in disguise.
Response: While some of positive psychology echoes themes that have been part of religious traditions for centuries—especially those suggesting that happiness is less likely to be found in the pursuit of material things and pleasures and more likely to appear with engagement with other people and meaning outside oneself—much of the field is based on scientific research. There is no need to embrace a particular religious doctrine to appreciate and use these real and practical insights and techniques.
Criticism: Happy people are foolish or naive.
Response: The expression "sadder but wiser" only goes so far. Happy people are no less intelligent, and there is some evidence that happy people are more able to look squarely at negative information and learn from it.
Criticism: Happy people are unmotivated or lazy.
Response: On the contrary, people who report being happy are more likely to perform better on the job and be conscientious workers. Passive, sedentary activities are less likely to bring happiness than more active and challenging pursuits.
What is a functional boundary?
Master Stephen Co, Alternative & Complementary Medicine, answered
The unconscious mind means well in “protecting” us from the pain, but this suppression creates what neural physicist and researcher Dr. Paul Goodwin has called a “functional boundary,” which occurs when some emotional disturbance, strongly held or suppressed in the musculature of the body, creates an energetic disturbance that inhibits the smooth flow of prana. Without an adequate supply of energy, the part of the body with the functional boundary malfunctions - it experiences either energetic congestion or depletion - and illness or a health problem can arise.
Find out more about this book:Your Hands Can Heal You: Pranic Healing Energy Remedies to Boost Vitality and Speed Recovery from Common Health Problems
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