If you are concerned about your risk level for cardiovascular disease or symptoms you have been having, your first step will be an office visit with your physician. (Note: If you are having symptoms of a heart attack, do not wait for an office visit; dial 911.) During this visit, your physician will do a physical exam, ask you about your lifestyle (diet, exercise, whether you smoke, etc.) and medical history, and may refer you for blood tests.
Based on the discussion with your doctor and the results from your physical exam and blood tests, your doctor will make recommendations such as the following:
- Medical, or drug, therapy and changes in your lifestyle to help control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, maintain a healthy weight and manage blood sugar levels; or
- Tests to diagnose what may be causing your symptoms.